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IBM is planning the computer of the future based on the structure of the human brain

The American government will assist with 4.9 million dollars for research led by IBM, in which five leading international universities are also partners in the field of cognitive computing

The current research is part of the effort to build the computer of the future: a machine that will simulate and imitate the operation of the brain and offer sensing, perception, interaction and cognition capabilities - all with extremely low current consumption, and in compact physical dimensions
The current research is part of the effort to build the computer of the future: a machine that will simulate and imitate the operation of the brain and offer sensing, perception, interaction and cognition capabilities - all with extremely low current consumption, and in compact physical dimensions

Researchers at IBM's research laboratories and five leading international universities are collaborating in an attempt to build a computer system that is expected to imitate and simulate the operation of the human brain and its abilities to sense, perceive, act, manage interactions and offer awareness and cognition - all with extremely low current consumption, and in incredibly compact physical dimensions.

The research was launched against the background of the continued explosion of digital information in the world. A recent report by the research company IDC states that the amounts of digital data are increasing at a rate of 60% per year, in a way that allows businesses access to inexhaustible sources of new information. Without the ability to monitor, analyze and act on this information in real time, the true value of most data is effectively lost. Until the complete acquisition of the information and its detailed analysis, business decisions may be delayed.

Cognitive computing brings with it the promise of systems capable of integrating and analyzing large amounts of data from a wide variety of sources - in the blink of an eye. In this way, businesses, institutions and users will be able to make immediate decisions, in a schedule where these decisions will have a substantial impact.

Bankers, for example, are required to make decisions within a fraction of a second based on data that changes continuously and at enormous speed. Weather monitoring and water supply forecasting at the global level are based on measuring a long list of climate phenomena that affect it: temperature, barometric pressure, wave height in the various oceans, acoustics, tides. In each of these fields, and many others, real-time understanding of the logic behind a huge amount of input data becomes an impossible task. A cognitive computer, which will act as a "world brain", may quickly integrate separate pieces of a complex information aggregate, and help people quickly make correct decisions.

IBM is now leading an integrated research effort, trying to draw inspiration from the structure, dynamics, function and behavior of the human brain. The team of researchers will try to break the limits of the programming concepts known today, hoping to eventually build a system that will cope with the human brain when it comes to the level of energy consumption and physical size.
The intention is to use nano-devices and components, which will perform tasks parallel to those of the synapses and neurons in the human brain. This technology will make it possible to present a completely different computing architecture than the one we are familiar with today, and a new concept of programming.

Not long ago, the cognitive computing team at IBM presented a near-real-time simulation of the brain of a small mammal - on an IBM BlueGene supercomputer. The researchers are experimenting with a variety of mathematical research assumptions regarding the simulation of how the brain works, in an attempt to build a core conceptual model of the brain's operation.

The final and long-term goal is to build computers for general use that can integrate information from sensors and sources, deal with data ambiguity, react in context-dependent ways, learn and improve their performance along the timeline based on comparing the results of previous processing to the actual developments that these processing tried to predict, Identify patterns of action and development, and solve problems based on perceptions, actions and cognition in a complex and real world.

The US Advanced Security Research Agency, DARPA, will make available to IBM and the universities with which it cooperates funding in the amount of 4.9 million dollars, for the development of the first phase of SyNAPSE - an English acronym for "scalable electronic systems with a neural structure". IBM's research proposal, "Cognitive computing using electronic synaptics and supercomputing", offers to conduct groundbreaking research in areas such as electronic synapses, materials science, circuits in a neuronal structure, nano-components, synapse-like devices, supercomputing simulations and virtual environments.

The team of researchers in the project led by IBM includes experts from Stanford, Cornell, Wisconsin, Columbia and other universities.

In contrast to research in the field of artificial intelligence, which in the past focused on engineering certain aspects of smart machines, today researchers in the field of cognitive computing strive to build smart machines with an inclusive approach, which knew how to integrate all pieces of technology on the one hand and all types of information on the other.

IBM and National Geographic will map human movement on Earth

18 תגובות

  1. Stop printing his violent reactions, he pretends that sometimes he writes that he is a Yeshiva graduate, sometimes from the Technion, sometimes from Ichilov, and always always violent reactions

  2. higgs,

    I would love to see statistics on the phenomenon you describe. I tend to believe that this is a local phenomenon around you, and there is no point in drawing general conclusions - just as Shinon Sharab cannot determine that all secularists are devoid of values, just from the number of bad fruits he knew.

  3. Higgs:
    Everything is correct except that I would replace the phrase "a significant part" with the phrase "tiny minority"

  4. Roy Cezana
    represents represents I know personally even though I don't like many fake and annoying things in this company. And of course most of them do not join the army.
    And in BCA it is not possible to take away from them the normal general approach to many areas of life.
    A significant part of academics who include, that is, after about 3 to 4 years when they got married at the age of 18 and gave birth to children prepare themselves for studying engineering, technology and liberal arts.
    Many women from this circle support their families as software developers in various companies.
    The companies really like to hire him because of his high work ethic. For example, such an employee will not surf the Internet or send emails at her place of work, even if she works in a company that develops applications for the Internet. They also get the job done quickly and do a good job.

  5. I just got to the computer a few minutes ago (I had a bit of a busy morning) and I wholeheartedly agree with Roy's words - both in relation to the rabbi's words and in relation to the Higgs sample.
    It reminds me of the "state test" on TV where they tested the intelligence levels of different population groups.
    There were bodybuilders, models, accountants, members of the Knesset and many other professionals.
    There were also high school students.
    Scientists and high-tech people were conspicuous by their absence.
    The editors of the program were very amazed by the fact that the high school students achieved better results than the others and did not even notice that when they asked the highest achievers among the high school students what they wanted to be when they grew up, they said "scientists" or "high-tech people".
    I assume that the next time when they organize this program and company there will already be scientists and hi-tech people - they will no longer be invited to the test and the phenomenon will repeat itself.

  6. It is worth noting that 'Doctor Roy Lerner' also publishes under the name 'Rabbi Nachman Farkash' and other names with dubious titles.


    Please note that your sample group here (Orthodox who want to be admitted to university) is not the same as a sample group from the entire Israeli population. I have a deep respect for the ultra-Orthodox who decide to take psychometrics and go to university, and usually break the conventions of the society they live in to do so. You need a very high motivation to reach such a decision (as well as high intelligence to begin with), and I believe that that group does not reflect the entire ultra-Orthodox public - just as a group of high-tech entrepreneurs does not reflect the entire public of Israel.

  7. Dr. Roy Lerner-The Technion
    I'm sorry to spoil it for you, the facts below speak for themselves

    Psychometric scores: Haredim without English background
    Haredi students with no background in English studies took the psychometric exams and broke records with 10-15 percent of them achieving a score higher than 700. This is when the norm is 5%.

    3 ultra-Orthodox classes from Jerusalem took the psychometric exam on the last day and broke all the records: in one of these classes 12% of all students scored higher than 700, even though before that they only studied basic math and did not study English at all. After learning to cope with English in psychometrics in 4 months, the next stop for them is the stronghold of the secular academy - the university.

    Only 5% of all those who take the psychometric exam obtain a score above 700, so that in an average psychometric class of 20 people, it is an average of only one person who will reach the desired score. As mentioned, the April date of the psychometric exam was approached for the first time by an ultra-Orthodox class, which broke all the statistics: 15% of the students in it obtained a score higher than 700 and 45% of them passed the 610 (compared to a national average of 27%).

    In July, an EZ Way psychometric class made up of ultra-orthodox students at the Technion preparatory school again broke the statistics, and nearly 10% of the students passed the 700.

    On the October date of the exam, the trend continued in three classes for ultra-Orthodox students that were opened in light of the successes in the previous exam. In one of the classes, 12% of all the students got a score higher than 700. The average in these classes was about 575 (40 points above the national average), even though it was the first time that all the students were tested. The courses were held as part of the EZ Way psychometric school, which runs special courses for the psychometric exam for ultra-Orthodox students who have never studied English and only studied basic mathematics.

    "It is already a fact - ultra-Orthodox who wish to study at university in order to advance in the world of engineering and hi-tech are forced to take the psychometric test, even though they have almost no background in English and mathematics. To pick up the gauntlet and meet the demand, we prepared a unique curriculum that takes into account the ultra-orthodox memorization ability, and it has become a resounding success " states Attorney Ehud Zeltner, CEO of the EZ Way Psychometric School, which has already become famous in the past for adapting the courses to unique audiences, whether it is a challenging audience such as the learning disabled or women-only courses or among Ethiopian immigrants.

    The school also points out that the amazing scores of over 100 ultra-Orthodox students intending to be admitted to the university, mainly for the high-tech and engineering subjects, were quite surprising, considering that in the religious institutions where the students of the course were educated, the English language was not taught and the level of mathematics studies was basic. "The students started the course with an average grade below 400, but achieved an improvement that exceeded the scale of the National Center for Examinations and Assessment - 80% of them passed the national average and median. In the course, we helped them learn English at a very high level within 4 months and succeed where some English learners They haven't been successful since elementary school," says attorney Ehud Zeltner.

    The students' proficiency in the Hebrew language and linguistic analysis techniques they are familiar with from the study materials in the ultra-orthodox world helped the students succeed in the verbal part of the exam without much difficulty. The study techniques of EZ Way psychometrics combined with "Jewish wisdom", which allows members of the ultra-Orthodox sector to absorb and memorize study materials, helped the students to bridge the gap.

    "The motivation of the ultra-Orthodox to get accepted to university and integrate into the workforce is a phenomenon that must be taken into account. The argument has always been that the ultra-orthodox education system harms the chances of its graduates to integrate into the labor market, but it turns out that yeshiva students' endless ability to memorize and study comes to their aid and gives them learning skills in other fields." Says Adv. Ehud Zeltner, CEO of the school.

  8. to the "honorable" Dr.
    A person with such condescending, condescending and even inciting opinions should not express himself in public.
    Consider your words because everything in life comes back.

  9. Well..why do you think they leave all the information and the brain to the computers??? Now the "homospians" race will be able to turn to nonsense..and enjoy the world of vanity for a change..what fun..

  10. Of course this is not the brain of Haredim and Doss - they have no IQ at all and the number of neurons in their brains is lower than that of an African baboon.

  11. It's scary because they might still succeed
    As soon as the computer has artificial intelligence, we are gone.

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