The episode will be broadcast tonight at nine o'clock on the National Geographic channel * Now they are demanding from the Fox network, to receive equal time for their arguments within the Cosmos program, which they have not been able to do in the schools, as you know. Series host Neil deGrasse Tyson disagrees
If the first episode of the Cosmos series was controversial with minimal mentions of climate change, evolution and the big bang, the second episode (which aired in the US last Sunday and will air in Israel today) has already taken off the gloves. Most of the chapter, according to American websites, is dedicated to the topic of evolution and the huge number of evidence (especially the genetic evidence) showing that it is indeed the explanation for all the variety of life on earth.
On one occasion, series host Neil deGrasse Tyson said explicitly: "The theory of evolution, like the theory of gravity, is a scientific fact."
The series broadcast in the USA on the Fox network and worldwide by National Geographic on 220 channels in 181 countries in 45 languages - the largest launch of a science series.
In an interview with the mother jones website DeGrasse Tyson explains about the Cosmos series. "It is not surprising that those who deny the theory of evolution were not happy about the current episode. In fact, the science denier community doesn't like Cosmos at all." This week Ken Ham and the people of his site "Answers in Genesis" demanded equal time within the broadcast of the series for religious arguments as well.
In a previous interview with the same website, Tyson said that he would not agree to have a confrontation with creationists on the subject of evolution.
More of the topic in Hayadan:
- Neil deGrasse Tyson, presenter of the Cosmos series: "If Sagan were alive, he would be most surprised by the fact that we still have to argue that science is important to society."
- The mythological TV series Cosmos returns
Big Bang Denial
Our informant, Ken Ham, explains in the article "Criticism of CosmosOn his website "Answers in Genesis": "The Big Bang model is unable to explain many scientific observations, but of course this was not mentioned in the series" and this was in the week when the discovery was announced Direct evidence of the inflation that came immediately after the big bang, including the gravitational waves, which until now have been a theoretical prediction."
denial of evolution
As mentioned, the second chapter was entirely dedicated to evolution and it follows Charles Darwin's line of thought in his book "The Origin of Species" which began with examples of artificial selection (Darwin used pigeons, in Cosmos they preferred to give the domestic dog as an example) to prepare us for the much greater power of natural selection. Tyson repeats the metaphor of the "tree of life" and that all living things are branches of this tree. In the episode, Tyson also refuted the favorite argument of evolution deniers - the idea that complex organs such as the eye cannot be formed through evolution.
David Klinghoffer, senior fellow at the Discovery Institute (a Christian fundamentalist organization that spreads all the anti-scientific claims that later echo like an echo even among 'our' converts) Klinghoffer writes Because the Cosmos episode "makes a shameless projection from natural selection (dogs from wolves) to small things like the color of polar bears' fur to the development of the human eye." Well, Klinghoffer may not know this conclusion, but Darwin already made it 155 years ago.
His colleague Casey Luskin claims that Cosmos is involved in trying to convince people both of the scientific point of view of evolution and at the same time it promotes the materialistic scientific point of faith not only through its imposition of the facts but also through rhetoric and emotions while ignoring arguments and counter-evidence. He also attacks the concept of the tree of life and says that the tree has not yet been mapped, and project members should be told this Open Tree of Life who are trying to map the 1.8 million species that have been named in a concerted effort by the public and the scientific community. So it is true that the exact order of the species in the tree is an open scientific question, but the idea of a common ancestor, the core of evolution, is not controversial.
In the Cosmos series, the phenomenon was mentioned only briefly, perhaps it is supported for a future episode, but on the conservative right, Tyson's words are attacked in an interview with the program Late Night With Seth Myers. Myers and DeGrasse Tyson chose to attack religious people and claim that they do not believe in science, citing global warming as an example," writes Jeffrey Meyer, Columnist on the Newsbusters website In the Inquiring Minds podcast, Tyson points to research that 97% of scientific papers between 1991-2011 supported man-made warming.
Bill Moyer interviews Neil deGrasse Tyson