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14 "Stars" of biological weapons

The cholera bacteria, the anthrax bacteria, the botulism bacteria, these are the viral and parasitic bacteria that were developed in various laboratories around the world for biological weapons

No less than 14 viruses and bacteria form the basis of the biological weapon - states
A report by the French scientific journal La Recherche based on sources
Many and also cites the physicist Sidney Darrell in his article for "Physics Today":
"World War 2 was the 'war of the physicists'. We must prepare for it
That the next war and the conflicts of the future will be the 'wars of the biologists'."

The 14 causes of diseases in biological weapons are:

* Anthrax (bacillus bacterium) that affects the respiratory system/skin, by infection
in spores may cause death. First symptoms: after 4-2
Incubation days, similar to severe flu accompanied by vomiting. The bacterium is stable to radiation
ultra violet 1500 laboratories in the world have his samples.
France and Germany tried to spread in World War I; The Japanese - in China
In the 30s, the Japanese "Um-Shin-Rikyu" ("Supreme Truth") sect
In 1990 it hit in 2001 in the USA. As a biological weapon was developed in France, Germany,
Hungary, Great Britain, USA, USSR (Russia), South Africa and Iraq.
A vaccine against it was developed in the USA and Russia. A vaccine based on genetic engineering,
in a clinical trial this year. Treatment for casualties: antibiotics for neutralization
the toxin

* Botulism (the bacterial toxin from the tetanus family). Penetration into the body through
Digestive System. A serious injury that ends in death. Symptoms: disturbances
Vision, swallowing difficulties, muscle paralysis. Survives in water and spoiled food.
The toxin can be created quantitatively, difficult to control. The Japanese used it
In Manchuria in the 30s, the Japanese "Aum-Shin-Rikyu" sect tried
To distribute in 1990 France - in both world wars. was like a weapon in my hand
Great Britain, Canada, the USA, the USSR, South Africa and Iraq. Vaccine has been tried
in monkeys Difficulties were discovered in a clinical trial on humans. The problem: difficulty
in early diagnosis.

* Malta fever (Brucellosis bacteria). The injury - through the digestive system.
The symptoms, after prolonged incubation: high fever and general dehydration,
Body aches that become chronic. The bacterium is resistant and causes difficulty in production
to deploy combat (Russia tried). Not used in the war. Until 1970 it was
in US military plans. Probably found in laboratories in Russia and Iraq. nothing
Vaccination. Treatment: antibiotics.

* Cholera (bacterium that releases a toxin). Penetrates through the digestive tract. Incubation in the body
The victim: 28-12 hours. Infectious, causes diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration.
Easy to culture, difficult to spread in the waters of the target country and to control its spread.
Japan tried to spread it in China in the 30s. It was developed as a weapon in Nazi Germany
and in Iraq Mass vaccination against it was unsuccessful. A new generation of the vaccine, Beniso
j in animals in the USA. Treatment: antibiotics.

* Ebola (filovirus). Causes high fever, bleeding. The infection is direct
An infected animal. The penetration into the body through breathing. Fast adhesive. my chances
Mortality: 90-70%. Incubation: one week. The virus is not stable. difficult to create
As a flexible, distribution and storage is difficult to control. Dangerous to manipulate. Still
It is not a weapon. Russia is trying to create it through genetic engineering. in development
in South Africa. Tried in the "Om-Shin-Rikyu" sect. There is no vaccine. The treatment:
in antiviral drugs with limited effectiveness.

* Venezuelan encephalitis (EEV encephalitis virus). The causative agent of the disease:
The RNA in a virus. Spread: by mosquito bite. Severe damage to the nervous system
central and peripheral. Mortality rate: small. The disease is severe, accompanied by fever
Very high, dehydration and vomiting. Not tried in wars. under development in Russia
(in genetic engineering) and in the USA (until the 70s). difficult to control. the vaccine
tested on animals. Treatment is not effective.

* Q fever (spread by a parasite, rickettsia). penetrates through the respiratory tract. The infection
fast and hard. Mortality rate is small when the treatment is immediate. The symptoms are similar
Severe flu is accompanied by hallucinations, facial spasms, high fever. Hard to get
and to care for military needs. Included in US programs (until the 70s)
and in the U.S. The vaccine was tried in guinea pigs and failed. The treatment:

* Marburg fever (filovirus). accompanied by bleeding. contagious
Mortality is extensive. It is difficult to develop and maintain a weapon. Dangerous to manipulate.
Included in weapons development programs in the USSR and South Africa. There is no vaccine
and treatment.

* Burkholderia Malei (formerly called Serhat). the source of the disease
in Southeast Asia. Infection by direct contact from a sick animal (dogs, cats,
horses). The attachment speed is medium. The symptoms: high fever, injury
in the muscles; A complication of pneumonia. The bacterium is stable in a "hostile environment", difficult
in preparation and control as a weapon. The Germans and the French tried to stick horses in it
in the first world war. Was in the US programs until the 70s
and in Russia. There is no vaccine. The treatment is with antibiotics.

* Thing (bacteria). Harmful to health (the historical "bubonic thing" does not count).
kissable). stored and distributed by rats. The injury: in the bite. the russians
They tried to create it for dispersion from the air (in aerosols). The symptoms resemble the flu
and damage to the circulatory system, severe pneumonia. Hard to keep as stock. easy
to culture. Difficult to develop and distribute. Subra: The Tatars (in 1346) and the Japanese
In China in the 30s they tried to spread it. France tried to spread in the world war
the first Nazi Germany too. The US stopped developing it as a biological weapon.
The Russians tried a genetically engineered version. There is no vaccine against the pulmonary bacterium.
Antibiotic treatment is prolonged.

* Salmonella (the Typhimurium bacterium). Harms the digestive system.
A sister version to the type generator. The risk of death is rare. The symptoms:
Diarrhea, vomiting, fever, weakness. Easy to distribute and manage. included
In the 1984 weapons test at the American "Waco Temple" cult, he was in the plans
US Army (until 1970) and in South Africa. There is no vaccine. Treatment: isolation
and antibiotics (for children).

* Toxic shock (caused by Staphylococcus B toxin). causes blood poisoning,
Enters the body through breathing and digestion. The symptoms resemble severe flu, fever
High, muscle damage, encephalitis. stable. Difficult to diagnose quickly. Hard
to base a stock on it for distribution and as a weapon. Included in the development plans in Iraq
and in the U.S. There is no vaccine and treatment.

* Tolernia (bacterium). Enters the body through breathing and digestion, and through a mosquito bite.
In the absence of proper treatment, the death rate is 30%. The symptoms: fever, vomiting,
Headaches that last about a month. Incubation: in animal carcasses and manure. Hard
for preservation and military treatment. A Russian biological weapons expert who defected to the West
Claims: The Russians tried to catch up with the Germans in the Battle of Stalingrad. included
In development programs in Great Britain, Canada, USA (until 1970), Russia
(in genetic engineering). Effective treatment with antibiotics.

* Smallpox (virus). Ways of distribution: through animals; in touch
and breathing. A weakened virus was used until 1979 to vaccinate children. Incubation:
two weeks The symptoms: red spots that develop into purulent blisters.
difficult to obtain. Officially, there are two stocks left in the world, in the USA and Russia. served
As a weapon for the British against the Indians in America in .1763 version in engineering
Genetically tested in Russia for a modern weapon. The US suspects that North Korea tried
develop it as its own weapon. Vaccination - exists; Its quality is in dispute. The US tried
the next generation of the vaccine - and the clinical problems have not yet been resolved. The treatment -
is available and its effectiveness depends on the speed of its submission (up to 4 days from exposure).

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