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History of the people of Israel

In this chapter, regarding its various sections, I would like to highlight the following points: distinction between the musical instruments in the Bible and those of the period under discussion and the various consequences thereof; the extent of the influence of Greekness and Hellenism on musical instruments; Were there original Jewish musical instruments? Character of Jewish music.
Archaeological excavations by the Antiquities Authority and Tel Aviv University in the City of David in the National Park around the walls of Jerusalem have discovered the earliest ceramic roof tiles in the Land of Israel * To date very little physical evidence of the presence of the Greeks in Jerusalem has been discovered
In the Jewish music after the Holocaust, signs of Greek-Hellenistic and Roman influence were embedded, and from it various aspects emerge as a result of the involvement of sages
Traditional religiosity and Kabbalistic ideas: Safed of the 16th century offers an alternative model of Jewish existence in the Land of Israel
Biblical prose may have begun as narrative poems, similar to those prevalent in the ancient Near East.
The Jews in the Greek-Hellenistic space were more involved in everything related to Greek customs that penetrated Judaism such as the hemansion and especially music
In Selik, four swords and a bayonet head were found that are approximately 1900 years old and were preserved in wooden and leather cases, in excellent condition. that the swords were taken as spoils of war, and hidden in a cave by Jewish rebels
The canal facilities, the likes of which have not yet been discovered in Israel, were in use about 2,800 years ago - during the time of the First Temple; According to the researchers from the Antiquities Authority and Tel Aviv University, "it is possible that the canals were used to soak some product. The central location of the canal facilities shows that the product produced in them was associated with a palace or a temple.
The length of the Amma section is about 300 meters, and it was uncovered in the excavations of the Antiquities Authority before the expansion of the neighborhood, funded by the "Arim" company for urban development and in the framework of the establishment of schools on the site at the initiative of the Jerusalem Municipality * Among other things, a coin from the second period of the great revolt of the Jews against the Romans was found in the Amma infrastructure - A few years before the destruction of the Second Temple
It has already been mentioned several times the brave connection forged between Greek and Hellenistic philosophy and music - the Pythagorean school that attributed a supreme moral value to music, the Platonic school that insisted on the relationship between music and human nature and moral condition, and similarly the Aristotelian school. These philosophies penetrated Judea during the days of Roman rule
An extraordinary study by a researcher in the field of Talmud at Ben Gurion University and a bat researcher at Tel Aviv University has resulted in the development of an innovative tool for analyzing the social connections created between the sages of Judaism and Christianity in the first centuries AD
The research from the Hebrew University determines for the first time, through archaeological and historical means, the boundaries of the kingdom of King David and his grandson, King Rehoboam and resolves the long-standing debate about the very existence of the kingdoms and their urban boundaries
Tel Shekmona was the largest crimson factory in the area during the Iron Age, under the control of the Kingdom of Israel and the one that apparently supplied the prestigious crimson color to the Temple in the neighboring Kingdom of Judah
Compared to the countless sources concerning the music in the temple, there is little information about the sand music, and yet the research brings up interesting things
A computerized tool quickly links each word in the Torah with the corresponding words in the various translations of the Torah into Aramaic
Reading motivated by the Torah and prayers was an important, immanent element, in imparting the Torah and midrashes and Sages went into the depth of the importance of the Na'ima which served as an important means of sharpening the memory and flourished from the Mishna period onwards
The hook, which appears to have been used for hunting sharks, was discovered in the excavations of the Israel Antiquities Authority before the establishment of the Agami neighborhood in Ashkelon * The unique find will be presented for the first time at the 48th Archaeological Congress, in the organization of the Israel Antiquities Authority, the Society for the Exploration of Israel and its Antiquities, and the Israel Archaeological Society
By Ilon Gilad, published by Am Oved. The section from the first chapter tells how the religion was founded out of nowhere and wrote the history of two Canaanite kingdoms - Judah and Israel at the hands of the writer Shepan and King Josiah who tried to leave the main god Jehovah out of the circle of his gods and become a single god. How long did it take for this belief to take hold?
The beginning of the institution of the synagogue is rooted in the gatherings of the people in the temple in the days of Ezra the scribe and the reading of the Torah from his mouth. At first, the gathering was intended for Torah reading, while the liturgical element was added later, such as midrash and Torah study.
The 2500-year-old pottery on which the inscription was engraved in Aramaic script was discovered by travelers by chance in Tel Lakish National Park * It seems that this is a "note" to confirm the delivery or receipt of goods * The rare ostracon was studied by Sa'ar Ganor from the Antiquities Authority and Dr. Hagai Meshgav from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem , and their research will be published in the journal "Antiquities"
Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakhai, who moved from Jerusalem to Livna and made major changes in religious practice after the Holocaust, is also responsible for the disappearance of the vocal music of the Temple, and the transition of only vocal music to the synagogues, with one exception - the shofar
The courtyard was uncovered as part of the 'Road of the Kings of Judah' project led by the Antiquities Authority, the Jerusalem Ministry and Heritage, and the Kimat Israel Fund * Evidence of the sanctification of the place over hundreds of years was uncovered at the site, indicating the burial of a significant figure who belonged to an affluent family in the Second Temple
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