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Because this Passover has not been done since the days of the judges

Recently, the "offering of the Passover sacrifice" has returned to fashion. Therefore, we bring the explanation of how everything started (or rather was invented) from the first chapter of the book "The Secret History of Judaism" By Ilon Gilad, published by Am Oved 2023

For another excerpt from the first chapter in the book "The Secret History of Judaism": The book of the Torah I found in the house of Jehovah

An illustration depicting King Solomon offering the first sacrifice in the Temple. Illustration: depositphotos.com
An illustration depicting King Solomon offering the first sacrifice in the Temple. Illustration: depositphotos.com

In order to create a common sense of identity for the residents of Judah and the residents of Israel and to give the Book of the Covenant an ancient historical source, Josiah's people promoted another myth - the story of the Exodus from Egypt. This is how the story appeared in the Book of the Covenant: "Slaves were for Pharaoh in Egypt. And Jehovah brought us out of Egypt with a strong hand. And Yahweh gave great and bad signs and wonders in Egypt, in Pharaoh and in all his house before our eyes, and he brought us out from there for the reason that he brought us to give us the possession of the land that We swear to our ancestors. And Yahweh commanded us to do all these laws to show Yahweh our God good for us all the days of our lives as this day. And we will have righteousness because we are careful to do all this mitzvah before Jehovah our God as we were commanded" (Deuteronomy XNUMX, XNUMX). In these five verses, Josiah's rule provided a common background for all the inhabitants he hoped to rule over and even signified a new common enemy in the form of the Egyptians. With the fall of Assyria, Egypt was the most dangerous kingdom for Judah's independence, the kingdom that threatened Josiah's imperial dreams.

The myth of the exodus from Egypt, like the image of King David, was not an invention of Josiah and his writers, but a local practice that suited the king like a glove. There is evidence that already in the eighth century BC there were people living in Israel who believed that their ancestors were brought to the land from Egypt by God. The prophets Hosea and Amos mention this in their prophecies (Hosea XNUMX:XNUMX; Amos XNUMX:XNUMX). But just as the myth of the United Kingdom never happened, so the story of the Exodus did not exist and was not created.

Extensive archaeological findings reveal that the shepherds who settled in the mountains of Judea and Samaria and later became residents of Judea and Israel, did so in the first half of the 12th century BC, when the Egyptians ruled the Land of Israel. It is hard to believe that slaves who escaped from Egypt settled in a land that the Egyptians ruled with a heavy hand.

Many inscriptions from the period attributed to the Exodus have been found in Egypt, and there is no hint of Hebrew slaves or their departure. Furthermore, the conquest of the land described in the book of Joshua is simply completely contrary to the modern archaeological findings we have. There is no evidence of Bezeq's conquest, but rather of a gradual and moderate settlement of shepherds in the mountains of Samaria and Judea and a long and wide wave of settlement that also occurred in the past of the eastern Jordan.

It is impossible to know for sure how the myth of the Exodus developed. One theory is that the story developed from a dim memory of the residents of Judah and Israel, which was preserved from the days of Egyptian rule over the land. Indeed, the Egyptian rule in the territories of Judea and Israel enslaved many of the locals to forced labor. When the Egyptians left the country in 1130 BC, the locals gained independence and attributed it to their god. Generation after generation, the memory of the harsh slavery under Egyptian rule and the miracle of liberation at the hands of God was preserved. Simultaneously with this process, the Egyptian fortresses crumbled into ruins, and the memory of the presence of the Egyptians in the land was gradually forgotten. In the end, the descendants of the freed slaves were left with only the story of the liberation from Egypt. In the new state of affairs, it was natural for them to speculate that if their ancestors were freed from Egyptian slavery, it happened in Egypt. From this they concluded that only after liberation from slavery did they come to their country. It is possible that this is how the legend developed that during the reign of Josiah was nurtured to the heart of Judah's royal ideology.

A new holiday - Passover

Description of the Passover mitzvot in Deuteronomy. Illustration: depositphotos.com
Description of the Passover mitzvot in Deuteronomy. Illustration: depositphotos.com

In order to promote the new ideology and plant the story in the hearts of the people, Josiah's men inaugurated a new holiday in a highly impressive ceremony and called it "Passover": "And the king sent all the people to say, 'Make a Passover to Jehovah your God as it is written in the book of this covenant.' Because this Passover has not been done since the days of the judges who judged Israel and all the days of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah. ​​Go, Josiah, let this Passover be made to Jehovah in Jerusalem" (XNUMX Kings XNUMX:XNUMX-XNUMX). From the short description in the Book of the Covenant (Deuteronomy XNUMX:XNUMX, XNUMX) it appears that on the first Passover a ceremony was held in which the entire nation went up to Jerusalem and sacrificed a sheep on a joint night of feasting. Apparently, the ceremony was seen as eating together with the god and as a bond between them: the worshipers pledged to worship the god alone, and the god pledged to protect them forever. In this context, the name was chosen for the holiday, since one of the meanings of the root Pesach is protection. This, for example, emerges from the comparison between Pesach and Gnon in the verse "Gonon and saved the Passover and saved him" (Isaiah no, XNUMX).

The centralization of worship in the hands of Josiah had a far-reaching effect. For the first time, the residents of the region had a common story, a common holiday and one and only rule. The Book of the Covenant was the first in the collection of the sacred writings of the people of Israel, and later its components were used by the writers in the development of the Jewish ethos.

History has not been kind to Josiah's name. He is mentioned nowadays as one of the last kings at the end of the First Temple period, there is no holiday or event dedicated to him, and no one sees him as a leading figure for Judaism like David or Solomon, but he and his people are the ones who formulated for us the belief in God Jehovah alone, the story of the deliverance from the Egyptians and the sanctity of Jerusalem . Whether it was he alone who saw the present state of things in the land and decided to centralize the worship, or whether it was his advisors and his old scribes who saw foreign work as a great sin since the days of Hezekiah and wrote the Book of the Covenant for their king to urge him to take action, the fact remains: in 622 B.C. Josiah stood in the temple and made an eternal covenant between the inhabitants of Judah and the God of Israel, and with the words "Hear Israel, Jehovah our God, Jehovah is one" he founded the Jewish religion.

More of the topic in Hayadan:

16 תגובות

  1. As a recent graduate of a master's degree in Bible from Tel Aviv University, and a practical research assistant of a professor in the field, I want to say:
    It is clear that the author has a lot of knowledge, but unfortunately he mixes historical facts with hypotheses, and even with speculations. For example: the claim that the United Kingdom never existed. I am currently also leaning in this direction, but it should be noted that the disputes in the research world are very difficult. By and large - the 'Tel Aviv' school does deny its existence, but the 'Jerusalem' school claims that there was indeed such a kingdom.

  2. The Torah opens with the most unrealistic description that could be described. Creation, God, wonder and wonder, water above and water below, absurd times, paradise, desert snake, fruit of the tree of knowledge and more.
    After that, conversations with God, Noah's Ark, Tower of Babel and more.
    And later the exodus from Egypt is accompanied by miracles and wonders.

    What more can the writer do to clarify and emphasize and teach that writing should not be attributed a realistic or historical dimension but the exact opposite.

    If the writer wanted to convince of the truth of the story, he would have chosen words that can be understood without complex interpretation, with a reason and intention, glorifying God and presenting the original characters as perfect as befits an almighty creator.

    The multitude of such unrealistic descriptions directs the reader to get rid of any concept of a historical or real story, but to try and understand from the first second what he can understand by himself and without the need for references and interpretation.

    The ridiculous phenomenon of trying to define what the fruit of the tree of knowledge is, an apple, an olive, whether there was a flood or not, whether there were Cain and Abel, and whether the extreme age of the book's heroes makes sense... is the problematic phenomenon here and not the content itself.

    The Exodus is not about a historical story and those who try to find evidence for Man and the crossing of the Red Sea and the plague of frogs will probably also find it.
    And those who are looking to prove that it didn't happen, what is the goal?
    Is an apartment for rent a true story?
    And what about Ami and Tami? And his treats? And the Cyclops and the Medusa? Once upon a time there were those who tended to believe that they were real, today less so. Why? Because there aren't enough of them who are?

  3. So let me understand.
    You don't believe in the whole Bible - but do you believe in these verses?
    So it is written that "we will not make it like this Passover from the days of the judges" - ZA before the judges it was?
    What's more, it is written that this Pesach was not - not the meaning that it was not at all - but in its size and strength...
    What also doesn't add up - after all Yashua existed after the temple was built hundreds of years before in Jerusalem - so if he invented Judaism - then to which god did they build the temple and sacrifice to him - and make a pilgrimage 3 times a year?
    What's more, this verse indicates that there were judges.

    Because they knew there would be people like you - so the Torah about a mitzvah says a remembrance of the exodus from Egypt - this is the foundation of everything
    Even the first commandment is - I am the Lord your God who brought you out of Egypt - and not that I created the world - because that is the foundation of everything

  4. This is an article that does not fit the "Hidan" site. The site is supposed to present studies, but here we are dealing with hypotheses and estimates. There is no positive finding that proves the claim that Josiah "invented" the Passover. The Exodus from Egypt is the most mentioned historical event in the Bible. Dozens of mitzvot are defined as "a reminder of the exodus from Egypt." including those that are not directly related to the exodus from Egypt but only from a moral point of view. For example, the commandment to love the Hagar "because you were sojourners in the land of Egypt." In your opinion, Josiah simply edited and rewrote the Torah down to the level of a single word? He took hundreds of commandments and planted the Exodus in them? Or you claim that he also wrote the Torah itself. Why would he do that? Couldn't he be satisfied with the story of Passover where it is mentioned? After all, the holidays of Sukkot and Shavuot are also derived from Passover and depend on it and belong to it (for example, counting the Omer between Passover and Shavuot is not dependent on the date, but dependent on the holiday), yes Mr. according to your opinion, he also invented the other habits from his fevered mind. And if there was no exodus from Egypt, where did the names Miriam, Moshe, Aharon and Phinehas come from, which are distinctly Egyptian names?

  5. Say: Have you ever found a different tradition or historical story from someone from the descendants of the people of Israel who said that we did not leave Egypt? Oh. No?
    parable

  6. It is hard to believe that Mr. Blizovsky is somehow related to the science website. He will take a basic course in the history of Israel in ancient times at the Open University before he starts engraving.

  7. It's a shame that researchers of antiquity always treat their completely temporary theories and models as solid facts, ignoring findings that make their theories difficult, not to mention the detailed biblical tradition that was written in close proximity to the events, who don't even bother to get to know it in depth and therefore assume that there are supposed to be contradictions, especially with the general impression theirs from the stories of the Bible. And all this does not even make them easily doubt their words.
    For example, it is stated in the Bible that there was not a complete conquest, but a comprehensive war for control, followed by a slow population replacement, so it is not clear what the writer wants. Egyptian control during the period of the judges, like the entire Egyptian kingdom, was in decline and under remote control as can be seen from the findings, which gives room for wars between tribes and peoples, as the author of the article himself admits that there was a population change. The kingdom of David and Solomon, which according to the author is a myth, has archeological documentation supporting it, and even if comprehensive remains were not found en masse for this period of less than a hundred years, as is known in archeology, new things are constantly being found that can change the picture here and there. Only now has evidence been found of contact with the kingdom of Sheba.
    In short, a drop of humility won't hurt, this smugness puts the field to shame.

  8. Transmission from generation to generation is not reliable evidence. Have you ever played a broken phone? The original message is changed beyond recognition. Apparently many people also saw the miracles of Jesus. So shall we believe that he is the son of God?
    Archeology relies on cross-referencing different sources and physical findings in order to assess what really happened. I suppose in many cases it is difficult to reach unequivocal conclusions

  9. Transmission from generation to generation is not reliable evidence. Have you ever played a broken phone? The original message is changed beyond recognition. Apparently many people also saw the miracles of Jesus. So shall we believe that he is the son of God?
    Archeology relies on cross-referencing different sources and physical findings in order to assess what really happened. I suppose in many cases it is difficult to reach unequivocal conclusions

  10. Complete lack of knowledge. Start researching a little about a pharaoh named Ahmose (Moshe's brother) and inscriptions from that period that talk about the "cursed" (a reference to the Hebrew slaves) and their god who destroyed Egypt and the Egyptians with every curse according to order. In short, don't talk about what you are ignorant of.

  11. you are funny Let me tell you a story that really happened in Israel, nowadays.
    My cousin lived with her family in Moshav Miron which is in the Galilee. One day a film production team came and asked, for an important scene in the film, to mark a righteous grave where people come to prostrate themselves, pray and ask for requests. They erected a structure in the appropriate style, took pictures and after finishing the pictures left the place. Not many days passed until a rumor spread that a previously unknown tomb of a righteous man had been "discovered" in Moshav Miron. The rumor gained momentum and people told each other about this miraculous place of the tzaddik who works wonders, is a savior and uplifts souls. No one thought that this was "untrue" because it is a fact that people have been going "to the grave" for decades.
    Is it because so many people, from generation to generation (it's been 2 generations since then) who tell the story and even do an act and come up and prostrate, testify to the truth of this story?
    So once upon a time, before the development of science and archaeology, it was possible to tell a story and believe it and even follow its path, today it is already something else. Proof is required and evidence is required to establish a historical story. As long as there is no scientific evidence, the story remains a matter of belief. People of faith do not need proof or evidence - it is true.

  12. Once again you start with your arrogance and pride? Every Passover the same story over again, fed up

  13. I would like to direct a question to the writer and I would be happy if he could answer me. Every significant historical event has certain findings and proofs, and on the other hand there are also those who deny the proofs. Even the Holocaust has denials and proofs. If we follow the path of the writer, then in 1000 years it will be said that the Holocaust did not happen either, and more than that it will be said that my father He is not the father because there is no proof, and this is the way to deny our existence above the face of the earth, and the explanation for this, as I imagine, is that any information that has been passed down from generation to generation does not need proof (like my biological father does not need to be proven), but on the contrary, if there is no clear denial, then it is the absolute truth, otherwise we have nothing at all It has passed since the day that one of us stood up to his opinion and this is self-denied and just as there are papyrus writings that testify to the beatings there are also those who claim that there is no proof but the very fact that it was passed down by so many people from generation to generation shows the truth

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