This is what more than a third of the respondents claimed in the survey examining the state of the relationship between religion and science in the US and which was presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science conference. Although according to the survey it appears that religious and scientific communities may be less militant than is depicted in the media and American politics, but this does not mean that the scientific worldview is accepted by the majority
One of the largest surveys of Americans' views on religion and science suggests that the religious and scientific communities may be less militant than is commonly portrayed in the media and in politics.
Only 27 percent of the respondents in a new survey said that science and religion are in mutual conflict. A similar proportion of respondents stated that they take a position either on the side of science or on the side of religion." This is what Eileen Howard Eklund, a sociologist from Oakland University, said at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science held last week (February 13-17) in Chicago. The survey was commissioned by the Dialogue Between Science, Ethics and Religion (DoSER) project of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Perhaps more important, given the large population of evangelical Christians in the United States (up to 30 percent by estimate). Almost half of the evangelicals who participated in the survey said that they feel that religion and science are in a cooperative relationship.
But there are still some significant differences between the survey participants. According to Eklund, who also serves as director of the Religion and Public Life Program at Rice University, evangelicals "were more than twice as likely as the rest of the sample to say they would turn to a religious leader or text if they had a question about a scientific issue." The survey also found that 43 percent of evangelicals hold the strictest creationist worldview according to which "God created the earth, the universe and all life within the last 10,000 years."
More than a third of the survey respondents agreed that "scientists should be open to considering incorporating miracles into their theories or explanations. "
The study included over 10,000 people who filled out a 25-minute online survey, along with 300 personal interviews with Christians, Jews and Muslims. About 5 percent of the respondents defined themselves as scientists.
"The DoSER program commissioned the survey with the opening of the project designed to bring together scientific and religious communities for a more fruitful and less burdened partnership as a result of misconceptions about each other's views" said project manager Jennifer Weissman.
"In the past, studies have focused on the question of what different groups think about a certain scientific issue such as evolution or climate change, but this survey is different because it asks where people expect to find qualified information about science, and how important they think scientific issues are in their daily lives," Weissman said.
The DoSER advisory committee requested that the project include a special emphasis on evangelicals, "who generally show an interest in national science policy, but are significantly underrepresented in the sciences themselves," Weissman noted.
(The editor of the site of the knowledge comments: the politically correct language may have caused Weisman to say vague things, but the intention is quite clear - the evangelicals want to influence science studies, but do not know what science is, and therefore the result is known in countless attempts, even by legislation in different countries, to decide what will be taught in science classes , even if it is anti-scientific)
Galen Carey, vice president of government relations at the National Association of Evangelicals in Washington, said he was satisfied with the survey's findings. "There is a lot of room in our two communities to learn more about the other community, to fight ignorance through cooperation."
Another meeting at the conference discussed the public's views on science and technology through surveys conducted by the National Science Foundation, the PEW Company and the Gallup Survey Company.
More of the topic in Hayadan:
- National Science Foundation survey: Americans support science, but many think astrology is science
- Opinion/ In the confrontation between the science journalist who explained evolution and creation, scientific education won
The 2014 NSB Science Index study, released earlier this month, reveals that roughly seven in 10 Americans believe that the effects of scientific research are more positive than negative for society, a figure that has remained stable since 1979.
However, other polls reveal a partisan political gap in views on scientific issues such as evolution and climate change. Between 2009 and 2013, the gap between Republicans and Democrats on evolution widened by 11 percentage points, said Cary Funk of the Pew Research Center. . "There was a party gap in the past, but today it is much bigger. Fewer Republicans said that humans and other living things evolved over time. "
Recent polls on climate change reveal a similar kind of gap, said Gallup researcher Lydia Saad. "What we've seen in the last ten years is a polarization of opinions, with Democrats clearly becoming more supportive of climate science and Republicans less supportive."
"With such politicization it is no wonder that many Americans are skeptical of the work of scientists and claim that scientists are partisan or influenced by politics." added relief.