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OLED developers are among the leading candidates for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry

This is the opinion of the Thomson Reuters company, which selected three groups whose published articles are the most cited. In addition to the two OLED developers, functional mesoporous material developers and polymerization process improvers may reap the prize

OLED display. Photo: shutterstock
OLED display. Photo: shutterstock

Prof. Ching Tang Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Rochester in the State of New York and the Institute for Advanced Studies at the University of Hong Kong and Stephen Van Slicka, Chief Technology Officer at Cativa from California, the developers of the light emitting diode (LED) based on organic material are mentioned by Thompson Reuters Among the possible candidates for winning the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, the announcement of which will be made this Wednesday.

The company operates an algorithm that examines the developments whose initial articles are the most cited and have not yet received a Nobel Prize in the academic fields (medicine, physics, chemistry and economics). In the end, it publishes the details of the three most deserving teams and in many cases the company also scored and among the three was also the winning team.

Tang and Selika, who worked at the Kodak company in Rochester, New York (remember, this was one of the largest companies in the field of photography that did not survive the transition to digital photography), published an article in 1987 in the journal Applied Physics Letters in which they revealed how the right combination of organic chemicals is able to produce useful light without using a large amount of electricity. The article has been cited over 9,100 times. Tang published an article in the same journal a year earlier, in which he reported the development of a photovoltaic cell based on two layers of organic material (this article has been cited more than 2,700 times).
Charles Karsega, chief technology officer at the oil company Aramco, Ryong Ryo, director of the Center for Nanomaterials at the Korea Advanced Institute of Chemistry, and Glenn Stuckey, who works at the Khashoggi Corporation, and RFP at the University of California at Santa Barbara, deserve to win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. on the development of functional mesoporous materials. Mesoporous materials are hollow materials whose pores reach a diameter of 2-50 nm, and therefore have a high surface area, which makes them a useful substrate for catalysts, biosensors, imaging applications and selective separation of mixtures.

Carrasega was the first to show that it is possible to prepare different sizes in the laboratory and his paper has been cited 11,500 times. Scientist Rio's research focused mainly on mesoporous carbon. This type of material can incorporate clusters of platinum atoms into it and is used in fuel cells. Stuckey's research in the field of mesoporous materials focused mainly on silica (SiO2), and he showed how mesomaterials with a hexagonal configuration can be produced. One of these materials has become particularly common and is called SBA-15. It is used in the fields of drug delivery and biosensors.

Grimm Mudd from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) in Australia, Ezio Risardo, a research associate at the same institute and Sun Thang, chief scientist at the institute, for the development of the reversible addition-excision chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization process.

Despite the fact that polymers of this kind have existed for more than 70 years, the understanding of the chemistry behind them achieved significant progress in the 90s thanks to three chemists working at one of the most important research centers in Australia. The article that revealed their scientific breakthrough was published in the scientific journal Macromolecules and has since been cited over 2,700 times. twice.

For full details on the Sciencewatch website

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