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Five reasons why robots won't take over the world

"At the end of World War II, it was said that flying cars were just around the corner - but decades later, it doesn't seem like we've gotten much closer to that or the other predictions that were made," according to robotics researchers from Denmark, who believe that overcoming fundamental problems in the field of robotics will take decades

"Scientists are known for making dramatic predictions about the future - and evil robots are back in the spotlight now that artificial intelligence has become a marketing tool for all sorts of different products." Illustration: pixabay.
"Evil robots are back in the spotlight now that artificial intelligence has become a marketing tool for various products." Illustration: pixabay.

"Scientists are known for having dramatic predictions about the future - and evil robots are once again in the spotlight now that artificial intelligence has become a marketing tool for all kinds of different products," write Prof. Norbert Krueger from the University of Southern Denmark, and his colleague Ole Dolarais, a robotics lecturer also from the University of Southern Denmark. Denmark, in an article that appeared on the online news site The Conversation, which relies on academic sources.

"At the end of World War II, it was said that flying cars were just around the corner and all energy problems would be solved by fusion energy by the end of the twentieth century. But decades later, it doesn't seem like we've gotten much closer to even one of those predictions coming true. So what is all this talk - fed by people like space magnate Elon Musk - that robots will take over the world?

As I recall, during 2017 Musk spoke several times on the subject and expressed his concerns. In one case he even said that "artificial intelligence is an existential risk factor for human civilization".

A fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization

"I have been exposed to the most advanced AI developments, and I believe that everyone should be concerned," Musk said at the Association of State Governors conference in the United States. "AI poses a fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization in a way that car accidents, plane crashes, spoiled medicine or bad food cannot do - these factors harmed individuals within society, of course, but they were not so harmful to society as a whole."

"Artificial intelligence is a rare case where I believe we need proactive regulation rather than reactive regulation," Musk said. Photo: Bret Hartman / TED.
"Artificial intelligence is a rare case where I believe we need proactive regulation rather than reactive regulation," Musk said. Photo: Brett Hartman / TED.

According to Musk, an important part of the solution is taking preventative measures and regulatory oversight. "Artificial intelligence is a rare case where I believe we need proactive regulation and not reactive regulation." According to Musk, this is why he co-founded the Open AI association, so that it would help. It should be noted that Musk himself uses artificial intelligence in Tesla cars and SpaceX's launchers and spacecraft.

The pessimists predict that robots will threaten jobs worldwide, and not just in industrial production. They claim that robot journalists, robot doctors and robot lawyers will replace human experts. And as a result of the collapse of the middle class, there will be mass poverty and political instability.

The optimists envision a new paradise where all the boring problems of human relationships can be overcome by living perfect lives with easily interchangeable robotic partners who will fulfill our basic needs and deepest longings. "Work" - will become an ancient idea.

"But the pessimists can relax and the optimists should relax," the researchers said. "As experts in the field of robotics, we believe that robots will be much more visible in the future, but - at least in the next two decades - they will be clearly identifiable as machines. This is because it will be a long time before robots can match some basic human skills."

Here are five reasons why robots aren't about to take over the world:

Human hands

Human touch? Illustration: pixabay.
Human touch? Illustration: pixabay.

Scientists are far from replicating the complexity of human hands. The hands of the robots used today in real applications are clumsy. The more sophisticated hands developed in laboratories are not sturdy enough and lack the dexterity of human hands.

the sense of touch

There is no technical equivalent to the impressive skin of humans and animals that includes a variety of touch/tactile sensors. This sense is necessary for complex manipulation. Also, the sophistication of the software that processes the input from the sensors in the robots is very far from the human brain when it comes to interpreting and responding to the messages received from the touch sensors.

Manipulation control

Even if we had human-like artificial hands and sophisticated artificial skin, we would still need to be able to plan how to control them to handle objects the way humans do. Human children take years to do this and the learning mechanisms are not understood.

Interaction between humans and robots

The Deputy Secretary General of the United Nations, Amina Mohammed, together with the robot Sophia. Photo: UN Photo/Manuel Elias.
The Deputy Secretary General of the United Nations, Amina Mohammed, together with the robot "Sophia". Photo: UN Photo/Manuel Elias.

The interaction between humans is based on well-functioning speech and object recognition systems, and also on other sensors such as smell and taste and the sense of touch. There have been significant advances in speech and object recognition, but today's systems can still only be used in fairly controlled environments where a great deal of programming is required.

human reason

Not everything that is technically possible should be built. Human reason can decide not to fully develop such robots, because of their potential harm to society. If, many decades from now, the technical problems mentioned above are overcome so that complex humanoid robots can be built, it will still be possible to prevent misuse through regulations.

In conclusion, the two researchers said that "we are designing robots that we hope will operate in institutions that care for the elderly by 2022. These robots will be used to solve repetitive tasks that involve interaction between people and robots, such as transporting laundry and waste, offering people water or guiding them to the breakfast table."

12 תגובות

  1. Yosef, you are right about the fact that the development of the wisdom that exists in the universe in this generation must be done only by sane people who will bring benefit, peace, and prosperity and global preservation of man, humanity, ecology, climate and more...

  2. 200: That is why it has already been said, according to our Chazli, to resemble the standards of the Holy One, blessed be He (XNUMX standards), He repays kindnesses, He has mercy on His creatures, He is wise and merciful, long-suffering, long-suffering, etc.. For a world that was created for you for your correction and not to spoil it Another proof that the subjects of religion are laws and commandments for morals and universal existence for the entire world. And if the Creator by himself constitutes us and also the smallest mosquito in creation then who are we or all A! May it be compared to the Creator. It is a matter of fact that the creators should look at their nothingness out of humility and learn from the one who said and the world was. And not to be enthusiastic about an ambitious creation, however ambitious it may be. Because in the end it is also a creation of the Creator and without the enlightenment and the opening of the gates of wisdom in the last XNUMX years by the Creator of the world... we would not have come this far. So it is worthwhile for all of us to really adhere to the instructions of the maker of the world who created us and hinted to us in the Bible through the prophets the future at its peak that is going to be...including the sky-high technological development. And let's remember that our strength and the strength of our hands has been from then until today and forever.. only from our almighty creator who has no other but him.

  3. Yoram from the first response - the goal is for the robots to replace us at work so that there is no need for human work. The stupid economic system obliges us to work even when today it is possible to work two hours a day or only 20% of the people will work. We work not because we have to but because we need money. This is stupidity and madness and must stop. The robots are not your enemies at work. They are here to replace you and free you from the financial burden and the unnecessary stress and lack of free time created by it.

  4. Right

    In a similar opinion to Yosef

    Artificial intelligence will create for itself its own space of existence and action,

    quickly.

    The brain will pass over and jump over the human environment that created it

    in considerations that cannot be predicted beforehand

    when will it happen? ….. It is possible already from today somewhere

    Or in 50 years……

    Everything is possible

  5. There is still a way to go - until you are equal to us, but it is not very far. Quantum computing significantly shortens times.
    The reasons listed above - the 5 reasons - all will be incorporated into artificial intelligence, they are all being worked on now. assimilation of sense and emotion. shortening the study time. Everything at work.

    Another point - I personally believe and do not impose on anyone else, and also completely reach an equal valley with atheists, in the Creator.
    And apparently there is a problem because artificial intelligence was created by a person. I overcame that too. There is no contradiction here.

  6. Google was able to develop and wrote about it this week in an article that creates artificial neurons exactly as biological neurons are created and not just programmed as it has been until now.
    As someone who deals in the field, I will soon publish several articles on the subject, so far I have dealt with tangential areas, I estimate that it will overcome us.
    At the XNUMXth I am developing artificial intelligence and trying to advance it to new capabilities on two fronts: applied, and pure - that is, designing stronger intelligence. I asked myself why:
    A. The mathematics that not many engage in is spectacular. I already said that we need a Nobel for artificial intelligence. The best researchers in the world sit there today: Jeffrey Hinton, Joshua Bengio, Jan LeCun. And the less famous but no less influential: Naftali Tashvi.
    and the world's leading deepmind laboratory of google. Its two managers are Muslim, and the chief scientist is Jewish - David Silver.

    B. If I don't engage in it, it won't prevent others without morality arising from general utility, or belief in the Creator. This is a weaker argument because everyone should be at peace with themselves for having behaved morally.

    third. I manage to express myself here as I have been blocked all my life. I convinced academia and industry to purchase a calculation server for the subject.
    This is an illustration that I am being listened to here.

    d. The dream of becoming an academic without leaving the industry in old age is somewhat possible in artificial intelligence, provided you reach significant achievements.

    God. All that is needed to prove ability is a computer that costs 13,000 NIS and each upgrade costs 4500 NIS. It wasn't before 2012, and it wasn't even before 2017.

    For these reasons I am engaged in research on the subject although I believe that understanding will overcome us. Everything listed above as reasons, will be embedded in artificial intelligence. There is another way. At first we will work in parallel with Bina, maybe there will be hybrid cyborgs of Bina and Adam, and then maybe she will pass us. Therefore proactive regulation is needed, and the application of Asimov's robot laws from the Mossad series. What was science fiction in the 60s is science today.

  7. The five arguments are not relevant:

    A. Who said artificial intelligence living on the Internet would need hands to take over the world? And who said that if and when there is a specific need for hands, artificial intelligence will not be able to create them for itself? Or (which is simpler in the first instance) to use human mind control so that human hands do its will?

    B. Artificial intelligence already has more senses at its disposal today, more diverse and with a much wider range than what is available to humans. And again - what will prevent her from developing additional senses as she wishes?

    third. Please wake up! It is about an independent intelligence that sets goals for itself and fulfills them. The human knowledge available today does not limit her in any way, she knows how to discover new knowledge on her own.

    d. How is this relevant? If a drone with bombs hovers over your house - you will surely make every effort to understand what the artificial intelligence wants from you, there will be no communication problems.

    God. Good Morning! So suddenly there is something to fear and regulation is needed? After all, this is exactly what Elon Musk and his ilk claim. How is it charged against them???

  8. At least it's "tens" and not hundreds of years... This is also a very optimistic approach

  9. Not only Elon Musk has recently come out with warnings about AI, Hawking before his death also did so.
    At the same time, since the direction of the development of science is not really known for certain, then it must be taken into account that, there may be different and unexpected directions of the development of AI. For example, it is possible that the development will not be the creation of independent human robots, but in addition to the creation of "working" robots for human service, such as cleaning, transportation, etc., a branch of AI that expands human memory by connecting it to "external chips" will develop " Tiny ones that will include "external memories" of artificial intelligence. In this way, the development of AI will also include biological humanity, which will naturally work to preserve its safety and existence.
    Connecting the AI ​​to the human brain will be able to improve humanity both intellectually and physiologically.
    The AI ​​will then be able to both extend and improve the human lifespan and quality of life, and also reduce the danger that is currently (allegedly) posed to humanity, both from itself and from the AI.
    In conclusion:
    The Danish researchers are indeed right in their predictions, but not for the reasons they detailed.

  10. There is also an economic interest. There are still many poor countries in the world with large populations that need work. What is the economic value in building a robot for home nursing for example if the alternative is to use a foreign worker who is much cheaper and more efficient. This is also seen in an electric vehicle: it is not able to compete with the gasoline vehicle and therefore sales are still negligible.

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