This is what Major in the Reserves, Prof. Yitzhak Ben Israel, writes in an article entitled "Israel and the Palestinians - Basic Assumptions for Updating the Concept of Security in the wake of "Tzuk Eitan" and following which a conference was held as part of the Yuval Na'im Workshop for Science, Technology and Security with the participation of experts on terrorism and Arab affairs and champions in the reserves
The concept of security needs to change so that we can manage a political, legal, economic and media campaign at the same time as the battle. This is one of the conclusions put forward by Major General (res.) Professor Yitzhak Ben Israel, in a pamphlet he recently published entitled: "Israel and the Palestinians - basic assumptions for updating the concept of security following the "Solid Cliff". And at the conference that took place shortly before the Passover holiday as part of the Yuval Na'eman workshop for science, technology and security at Tel Aviv University, chaired by Ben Yisrael.
Ben Yisrael details the concepts of security that prevailed in the Jewish settlement in the Land of Israel and later in the State of Israel: on the eve of the establishment of the state, the main enemy were the Arab neighbors who would occasionally launch attacks, killing several hundred Jews, and in the end several hundred Arabs were also killed as a result of the reaction, and the development of the Jewish defense.
Jabotinsky developed the "Iron Wall" theory which states that the Arabs will never agree to the existence of the State of Israel and will continue to fight unless they realize that they cannot eliminate the Jewish settlement and will be forced to agree to its existence. With the establishment of the state, the enemy changed and the conflict became a military conflict against regular armies in Arab countries.
Ben-Gurion then developed a concept of security that is quite similar to that of Jabotinsky, even if he did not admit it. According to Ben-Gurion, a large military force had to be built to compensate for the numerical inferiority of the Jews against the Arab armies, and because of this, the IDF was established with a relative size 20 times more than the size of the population, compared to the Western countries, and the technology was also mobilized. At that time, the understanding that there is no proportionality was also formed. "Our reaction has to be so hard to reduce their motivation to attack next time."
Starting in the nineties, the struggle once again became a struggle between us and the Palestinians over the same piece of land, except that now it is more difficult to apply the principle of disproportionality. Besides the usual problems of a war against terrorist organizations, Israel has another problem - international legitimacy, which the Palestinians use to their advantage.
"In the modern world, saturated with means of communication that instantly transmit every event all over the world, what is called legitimacy is of increasing importance. Israel, being a drop in the great Arabian Sea, must have the free world support it. This world supported us almost automatically when we fought for our existence, but parts of it struggle to support us today, when the war is against a threat that is not perceived as an existential risk. Proportionality and international legitimacy are related to each other: the more we adhere to proportionality, the easier it will be for us to win the support of the wider world. However, the process will not happen by itself and it is not enough to prepare, prepare and fight on the battlefield: at the same time it is necessary to prepare and manage a political, legal, economic and media campaign."
Prof. Boaz Ganor, dean of the Interdisciplinary School of Government in Herzliya and an expert on terrorism, referred to both the threat of Hamas as manifested in the rock wall, and that of Hezbollah and to a certain extent Daesh as well. "The classical symmetrical war was a war between two identical entities - state against state, army against army, air force against air force. You decided the war by being able to paralyze the enemy's firepower."
"In the middle of the twentieth century, the asymmetric war began. The battlefield of the consciousness dimension is the means of communication. If on the military battlefield the goal was to overwhelm the opponent's fighting ability on the mental battlefield, to overwhelm the opponent's motivation.
The third dimension that gained strength in the last decade is the legal dimension. Here we discover another battlefield: the tribunals, international courts, Chavez, Goldstone. In the legal battle field, each side not only wants to defeat the motivation or the strength of the opponent, the idea is to defeat the legitimacy in order to reduce Israel's ability to use its military power from round to round. "
In order to complicate Israel legally, Hamas used strategies of assimilation into the civilian population. Firing rockets from the population centers. In the face of this, Israel tries to maintain proportionality by means of notifying the adversary well in advance through announcements, telephone calls, text messages, and if that doesn't help, also 'tap on the roof' when the Palestinian television is forbidden not to listen to the IDF's messages."
"The modern war requires us to win in all three dimensions. The systemic victory requires a victory in the three fields or at least not losing in one of them."
Gonen presented the two-axis model - the series versus the speed of combat. "The less restrained you are and the stronger and faster you act, the more likely you will convey your message clearly. You'll get less deterrence when you're slow and restrained. The axis of legitimacy is exactly the opposite axis, you will achieve less legitimacy when you use more restrained means"
Gonen later presented a video of Hezbollah in which they describe their plan to occupy the Western Galilee including the cities of Nahariya and Shlomi and cut it off from the rest of the country, in what is known as the 'Third Lebanon War'. "We are talking about an Iranian branch. And part of the same mechanism that Khomeini created to export the Iranian revolution - the Hezbollah symbol has a symbol of the globe, not of Lebanon. Hezbollah operates in Syria, Yemen and Bahrain. Hezbollah has the order of magnitude of a hundred thousand rockets and missiles with a longer range, a larger warhead, greater accuracy.
"The war will begin with a massive firing of missiles at strategic installations and towards the center of the country. Electricity, water and especially military facilities, air force bases and other facilities. The goal is to paralyze the IDF's ability to organize. At the same time - to send ground forces to carry out the abduction of not an individual, not a group - of entire settlements within the State of Israel and for this purpose they set up special intervention forces and create great demoralization."
The glass is half full is that Hamas will leave at the bottom of the ladder when it is in conflict with Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Iran. Suffering from an economic crisis and damage to its infrastructure in Judea and Samaria. The leadership was in exile, Iran reduced aid and Egypt destroyed the smuggling tunnels to Sinai. Hezbollah is also complicated in Syria. On the other hand, Israel for the first time has an internal identity with the pragmatic Sunni Arab countries - Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf countries. All these countries are afraid of ISIS and the Iranian papacy."
"The threat of an all-out military war against the State of Israel does not exist today. There is no Syrian army, no Iraqi army, no Libyan army, the Jordanians are not an army that threatens Israel, the Saudis and the Egyptians as above. A window of opportunity has been created that will not last long. We can panic ourselves all the time, panic is right, but we don't have the authority to ignore the half-full glass and take advantage of this window to change the nature of things for better places."
Major General in the Reserves Eitan Ben Eliyahu, former commander of the Air Force spoke about the military cost of each alternative: with the establishment of the state, the main approach (Ben Gurion) was whether the borders were set after the liberation war and what was a security border, while the opposite approach - that of a servant who would complete the arrangements with the states neighbors and that peace will ensure the existence of the State of Israel. The first approach was reflected in the Six Day War and the decision to transfer the blow to the enemy's territory. We also had legitimacy as those who have the rope around their necks.
In 1973, we lost all legitimacy in terms of global public opinion and in the key positions and the feeling that there was no need for a preemptive blow and as a result we suffered the preemptive blow of the Egyptians and Syrians in the Yom Kippur War. After that, the perception was that it was necessary to prepare for wars against regular armies in the Sinai or the Golan Heights. At today's prices, NIS 40 billion per year could be allocated to the defense budget. When we go up a step, there are three fronts in front of us: Syria (through Lebanon), Lebanon (Hezbollah, Iranian involvement from afar) and an internal uprising. The idea was that it was necessary to decide as quickly as possible in at least one arena, suppress any attempt by the Palestinians to revolt and punish those who attacked from afar. This scenario brought us to the current security budget of NIS 60-65 billion.
"A scenario of action against the Iranian nuke, followed by war, will already cost us NIS 80 billion a year. He calls to help the Americans and not to confront them on this issue. It is also necessary to prepare the army for the new medium - the tunnels."
The former head of the National Security Staff and Major General in the Reserves, Yaakov Amidror, said in reference to Ben Israel's brochure: "The biggest innovation in Ben Israel's brochure is the assertion that the State of Israel can enter a process of exhaustion, which until now we have done everything to avoid. Against an organization like Hamas, and if we work properly against Hezbollah, we can hold out against its infrastructure because we have better capabilities than the enemy. In addition, in the face of terrorist organizations, it is necessary to control the territory and isolate the areas of operation.
Amidror referred to Ben Eliyahu's definition of the tunnels as a new medium, and said that unlike the cyber dimension, in the field of tunnels there is military experience in the world and this is a problem mostly at the techno-tactical level. "The fact that the enemy emerged from the shafts of tunnels was not accidental either, after all we went to look for the tunnels. We knew where the tunnels were but not where all the openings were. "
In conclusion, Amidror called for internalizing the significance of the State of Israel's ability to manage attrition over time against an enemy that has a very large amount of rockets and missiles, everything must be done to prepare the home front, build the formation to protect the home front and the military infrastructure against missiles, as well as reduce their number. "With a quick ground move, many cities in Israel can be taken out of the range of the missiles."
Avi Issacharoff, Walla's Arab affairs commentator, said that it is clear that Hamas did not want mutual escalation following the kidnapping and murder of the three boys, but they went to battle to get out of their economic isolation. "They have failed miserably. They crashed. Everything they declared during the war did not go their way, but one thing will be said to their credit. They continued. This was one of the largest systems in the history of the State of Israel for 51 days, and thus they succeeded in damaging Israel's image among the Arabs in general and the Palestinians in particular."
"Israel's political view says that at least in the Palestinian issue there is no solution but management. The conflict can be managed but it cannot be resolved. This attitude can last a year, two years, in the end it will blow up in our faces, and we especially this year, everyone feels that something in the Palestinian issue is brewing. I'm not saying there will be a third intifada, but there will be an explosion."