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Copernicus was reburied in a solemn ceremony, almost 500 years after his death

During his lifetime Copernicus was afraid to publish the heliocentric theory and he approved the printing of the book "On the Movement of the Heavenly Bodies" before his death

Nicholas Copernicus. From Wikipedia
Nicholas Copernicus. From Wikipedia

The remains of the 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus, which were discovered about five years ago and verified through DNA tests, were yesterday brought for reburial in the cathedral in the city of Frombork in northern Poland. In the "Roim Olam" program on Channel One, it was reported that the ceremony was led by Archbishop Jozef Kowalczyk, head of the Catholic Church in Poland. It was also reported that on his new tombstone is engraved an image of the solar system that includes the six planets that were known in his time (actually five plus the Earth) circling a golden sun.

Copernicus was born in 1473 and worked mainly in Frombruk, which was part of the German state of Prussia in northern Poland, between 1503 and his death in 1543, and he was buried in its cathedral as a simple citizen. He is best known for his book "De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium" - on the movement of the heavenly bodies, the publication of which he delayed until he was on his deathbed. In this book he proposed that the sun and not the earth is at the center of the universe.

This theory was controversial at the time and was considered heresy, and several famous people were tortured for supporting it, including Giordano Bruno and the most famous - Galileo Galilei. It took the church over 200 years to admit its error and his books were banned until the mid-19th century.

It is ironic that his official position in Prussia was, among other things, a churchman, but in addition to that he was also a governor, a jurist, an astrologer and a doctor. According to Wikipedia, astronomy was his sideline or hobby. His theory regarding the position of the sun in the center of the solar system, in contrast to the geocentric model (which put the earth in the center) that dominated the dome until then, is considered one of the most important discoveries in history, and is a basic starting point in modern astronomy and modern science in general, and it can be said that it opened the modern scientific revolution . His theory also influenced many other areas of human life.

10 תגובות

  1. Some notes
    Copernicus was the first to explain well why the sun is in the center and the stars revolve around it
    But Aristachors (270 BC) was the first to claim that the earth revolves around the sun and he even roughly calculated the distances of the moon from the earth and the sun. Copernicus did not publish the book solely because he was afraid of the church and for no other reason!!! He himself said it in a circle of friends

  2. By the way, the Gregorian calendar was introduced 39 years after the death of Copernicus and I have not found evidence that it is based on the heliocentric model.

  3. Some fixes for the little ones:
    Copernicus was not the first to talk about the sun as the center, but he was the first to formulate such a theory that allows prediction and testing.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heliocentric_model

    It is not written in the article that Copernicus was persecuted by the church and there is no need to try to create the impression that it is written in it.

    The church did not accept the teachings of Copernicus until many years after his death.
    Giordano Bruno and Galileo Galilei lived after him and were persecuted - partly because they accepted his teachings so that no one would try to sell us the trick that the church was quick to accept his books because the reality is quite the opposite.

    Regarding the reasons for postponing the publication of the book, there are different opinions, but the opinion that he was afraid to do so seems more reasonable - especially in light of the fact that people who dared to openly support her were persecuted.
    It is also a fact that he published an abbreviated version of the things in his circle of friends but never published this version in public.

  4. In any case, Copernicus' book was not allowed to be read until the 19th century. He himself was of course a priest and therefore was not persecuted. As for the use of the Gregorian calendar, I'm not sure, but even if it was, it just means that not all popes were equal in their treatment of the theory.
    Regarding Bruno - the accepted opinion is that it was because of his support for Copernicus.

    However, I am always learning new things and ready to correct myself if necessary.
    my father.

  5. So this is the source of the bad article on Ynet...
    Apart from the factual errors, it is worded in a misleading way.
    For example, Giordano Bruno, who was put on the spot for his opinions,
    This is misleading, he was not put on fire just because he supported the theory of Copernicus
    He also claimed that Jesus is not divine and generally got involved with all theology,
    That's why it was brought to the fore.
    Copernicus himself was not persecuted by the Catholic Church, on the contrary, she was the first to use it
    in his theory to fix the calendar to the current Gregorian calendar.
    - He did not publish his writings for the simple reason
    He didn't finish the job, he was looking for an easier way to calculate the position of the stars
    in the sky, and discovered that if he puts the sun in the center it is easier to calculate.
    But it didn't make sense to him, among other things because no star shift was visible
    When the Earth is at both ends of its orbit
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parallax
    The shift was only seen in 1838 and modern telescopes were required.
    He was looking for a complete theory that made more sense - but this only happened after Newton
    Copernicus and Hayley.

  6. Copernicus was also wrong when he placed the sun at the center of the universe, while the solar system is an insignificant system on the edge of an insignificant galaxy.

  7. How did they verify his identity with a DNA test?

    The bones were not contaminated after nearly 500 years, are there any known relatives?
    Where were the bones discovered and why now?

  8. What is left for us is to wait for the church to recognize Darwin's greatness and bury him in a magnificent ceremony in the Vatican

  9. Some corrections
    Giordano Bruno is not only tortured but burned to death for daring to claim these "heretical" words.
    Copernicus was not the first to claim the heliocentric method, there was already Ioni who claimed it about two thousand years before him.
    Aristarchus was the first to propose a heliocentric model of the solar system
    good week
    Sabdarmish Yehuda

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