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Sam Altman CEO of OPEN AI: We need to build a control mechanism for artificial intelligence like the Atomic Arms Control Council (video)

OPEN AI CEO Sam Altman and Chief Scientist Ilya Sutzkover participated in the event moderated by Dr. Nadav Cohen from Tel Aviv University. They addressed the issue of using AI as a weapon, the impact on the job market and the fear of artificial intelligence getting out of control or being used to develop weapons

From right to left: Ilya Sotskevich, Chief Scientist of OPEN AI; CEO of OPEN AI Sam Altman and Prof. Nadav Cohen from Tel Aviv University at an event on 5/6/2023 at the university. Photo: Avi Blizovsky
From right to left: Ilya Sotskevich, Chief Scientist of OPEN AI; CEO of OPEN AI Sam Altman and Prof. Nadav Cohen from Tel Aviv University at an event on 5/6/2023 at the university. Photo: Avi Blizovsky

"We need to build a control mechanism for artificial intelligence like the International Atomic Energy Agency. This is what OPEN AI CEO Sam Altman and the company's chief scientist, the Israeli Ilya Sutzkover, say. The two participated in the event moderated by Dr. Nadav Cohen from Tel Aviv University. They addressed the issue of using AI as a weapon, the impact on the job market and the fear of artificial intelligence getting out of control or being used to develop dangerous weapons.

In addition, the mechanism that will be established will have to review the capabilities of the large artificial intelligence models to "align" them with safety requirements, so that the benefits of their power and capabilities will be used by humanity. However, Altman does not believe that it is necessary to impose heavy regulation on artificial intelligence, which could stop the rapid development.

Professor Nadav Cohen, an artificial intelligence expert from Tel Aviv University, says that he can think of three threats from artificial intelligence: the first is making many jobs redundant, the second is using it as a weapon such as a single hacker who can carry out operations that until now required a large number of hackers, and the third scenario is the development of artificial intelligence that will get out of control and cause, perhaps, the extinction of the human race.

Sutzkober responds that a new socio-economic contract is needed to overcome AI uncertainty, but in the long run new jobs will be created. They are convinced that in the short term it is necessary to help those who will lose their livelihood through government aid as well as to impart knowledge that will allow them to reintegrate. Programmers no longer write functions and artists also suffer because their livelihood has been taken away by the image engines.

Nadav Cohen points out that at the same time new jobs will be created, but we are facing a long period of uncertainty. "We will have to build mechanisms that will allow us to soften the blow and enable a smoother transition to existing professions or to completely new professions that will exist. If this is not possible, the government and the social systems will have to mobilize.

Regarding the possibility of hackers causing great damage or of other entities developing unconventional weapons with the help of artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence does not yet have such capabilities. It will progress and may reach this point in the future, but it is a very powerful technology. The idea that Altman proposed is to establish a mechanism like the International Atomic Energy Agency for the field of artificial intelligence.

“As for artificial intelligence going out of control, yes, that would be pretty bad. It would be a big mistake to build artificial intelligence that we don't know and don't know how it works," Altman added.

Regarding the labor market, Altman notes that in the short term the picture looks quite good, and he expects to see dramatic growth in productivity. The programmers will be twice as productive and today there is already a shortage of them. In the long run, new categories of jobs will develop so that humans are required in positions that cannot yet be expected.

"Just as no one stopped playing chess after Deep Blue beat Kasparov, at most computers are used to plan moves. "Chess has never been more popular than today," explained Altman. The new creation tools, like DALEE (by OPEN AI), are able to create great art, but people still put the person behind the creation in their heart and want to learn from them. It is difficult to predict the human desire to distinguish itself, to create new things and to make an impact, but it may seem completely strange. "In 100 years won't it look almost like the works of today?" asks Altman. "I agree with Ilya's words that no matter what happens, we will need some kind of different socio-economic contract when automation reaches new jobs that were not threatened before," Altman added.

"The thing that I'm most excited about personally is that there are tremendous wonderful things that are going to happen everywhere, huge economic benefits, huge health benefits, and even an acceleration of scientific discoveries," concluded Altman.

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