Comprehensive coverage

Parade of Galaxies: The stunning star show from Hubble

Two of these galaxies close to each other are a rare type of emission line galaxies, because they are undergoing a massive process of new star birth. The others are at different distances but line up nicely in this Hubble shot

This image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope shows Aram-Mador 2105-332, a unique galaxy system in the Microscope Group. It is known for its emission line galaxies, which indicate vigorous star formation. It appears in Hubble's picture of the week, and that the names were given to galaxies using astronomical coordinates. Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, J. Dalcanton, Acknowledgment: L. Shatz
This image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope shows Aram-Mador 2105-332, a unique galaxy system in the Microscope Group. It is known for its emission line galaxies, which indicate vigorous star formation. It appears in Hubble's picture of the week, and that the names were given to galaxies using astronomical coordinates. Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, J. Dalcanton, Acknowledgment: L. Shatz

This image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope shows Aram-Mador 2105-332, a unique galaxy system in the Microscope Group. It is known for its emission line galaxies, which indicate vigorous star formation. It appears in Hubble's picture of the week, and that the names were given to galaxies using astronomical coordinates. Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, J. Dalcanton, Acknowledgment: L. Shatz

This image shows a system of interacting (colliding) galaxies called Arp-2105-332, located about 200 million light-years from Earth in the Microscope Group. Like other Hubble images of the week from recent weeks, this system belongs to the Arp-Section catalog of unique galaxies.

The excellent quality of this image also reveals several more distant galaxies, which are not associated with this system but happen to be located in such a way that they appear to form a line approaching the leftmost component (in this image) of Arp-section 2105-332, which has the specific name 2MASX J21080752-3314337. The rightmost galaxy is called 2MASX J21080362-3313196. These long names are not easy to remember, but in fact they contain important information: these are coordinates in the right ascension and declination system that astronomers use to position astronomical objects.

Both galaxies are of a type called emission line galaxies. This means that when viewed with spectrometers, the spectra of both galaxies show characteristic bright peaks called emission lines. This is different than, for example, absorption line galaxies whose spectra contain distinct intervals, called absorption lines. Emission lines form when gases are very hot, so they have enough energy that the atoms and molecules are excited and emit light. In other words, emission line galaxies are very energetic places, so they are likely to form stars.

As with many types of galaxies, classifying a galaxy as an emission line galaxy does not prevent it from being included in other descriptions that refer to its other properties. Arp-section 2105-332, for example, is also a "unique" galaxy, a description that expresses the atypical shapes of the two galaxies that make it up.

More of the topic in Hayadan:

2 תגובות

  1. The neuroscientific revolution

    Billions of words have been written by humans, and each word is a jumble of lines with a unique shape.
    Billions of words have poured out of human throats and each word is a unique noise.
    Amazingly, curious people appeared, who decided to investigate these chatter and these noises with the help of other chatter and other noises.

    These researchers are called linguists, and they did not know that investigating gibberish with the help of other gibberish is doomed to failure,
    The clear representative of these linguists is Chomsky. And the clear representative of the physicists exploring the universe is Newton.

    The beginning of the neuroscientific revolution

    As neurophysics replaced Newton's physics, so neurolinguistics replaced Chomsky's linguistics.
    Newton believed that there exists in physical reality an imaginary idea called gravity, and Chomsky believed that humans naturally create languages ​​with fixed syntax
    Newton misled the physicists for 300 years, and Chomsky misled the linguists for 80 years.

    Neurolinguistics is free and has no fixed syntax or certain grammar rules.
    Neurolinguistics is simple and self-explanatory, and it is based on a person's natural knowledge.
    Neurolinguistics develops in the identification of organs in the human body, which allow him to speak. (throat, mouth, tongue)
    Throat, mouth, and tongue are a natural piano of 22 notes, a natural piano belongs to a person, who has natural knowledge

    The man with natural knowledge invented a language for himself based on the sounds produced by the natural piano.

    And this is how the process of creating a language is described.
    A silent person with natural knowledge touches a block of ice, and miraculously a clear natural knowledge comes to him.
    The silent person suddenly realized that he knew something.

    There is no way to describe this news because man has not yet invented words.
    And even though the words had not yet been invented, the person who touched a block of ice suddenly knew a wonderful and clear new knowledge.
    And here a miracle happened, and the silent man realized that he needed to give a name to this clear knowledge.

    This silent person is a person with a natural knowledge inherent in him, and he knew that his natural piano can provide sounds, which can be used as a name for said natural knowledge.
    This silent man chose a short name, which derives from two notes of his natural piano, the sound of K and the sound of R

    And so it happened, that the combination of the two sounds (cold) became the name of a natural knowledge, which comes to man following contact with a block of ice.
    This is where the creation of human language begins, which is the language of names of natural information.
    All the conditions of creation are found in the silent person.
    Ingenuity is inherent in the silent person, natural knowledge is inherent in the silent person, and the natural piano is part of the silent person's body.
    Every person can learn a language of natural knowledge. This language requires the person who wants to learn to make an act of touching a block of ice, like the silent person,
    This simple act brings to a person an amazing knowledge that he senses and feels.

    In the next step, the learner realizes that the two sounds of his natural piano,
    They are a chosen name of the natural knowledge that came to him, following contact with a block of ice.
    The name of natural knowledge is chosen arbitrarily,
    And any combination of sounds can correspond to this.

    The combination of sounds (חם) was chosen to be the name of a natural knowledge, which miraculously comes to the person approaching the fire.
    The combination of the sounds Hm was also chosen arbitrarily.

    This is how human language is created, based on natural information that comes to them, following actions they do in physical reality.
    The actions are as simple as (touching, walking, jumping, tasting, smelling), etc. This is how a clear language of humans is created, which is the language of names of natural knowledge.

    This information comes to humans, following actual actions they do in physical reality.
    Touch and natural knowledge comes, smell and another natural knowledge comes, see and natural knowledge comes
    Otherwise, you taste and another natural knowledge comes, and more,
    Now all that remains is to choose sounds from the natural piano, such as the sounds of Halak, or the sounds of Mesos, or the sounds of Metak, and these will be the names of some of the natural messages that came to humans, following the actions they did. in physical reality.

    This is how a human language is created, which is a language of names of natural information. Every word in the human language is
    Name of natural knowledge - coming to man, following an actual act he does in physical reality.
    It is impossible to create human language with the help of the sounds emanating from the throat, because the sounds are just noise.
    If the voices are names of natural information following an action in physical reality, then the language is created immediately, and it can be used.

    All linguists in the last 100 years have used the noise of words coming from their throats to create human language and explain it. All these linguists have failed. And as a result of this failure, the Nesbari Law appeared saying:

    You cannot study a language through its words.

    Neurolinguistics began to create a human language, which is a language of names of natural information.
    The selection of names takes place with the help of the natural pianos of humans, which are able to produce many sounds such as sound A, sound B, sound C and so on.

    Humans easily invented thousands of languages, because they knew - that language is invented by actions, not by words.

    The linguists of the last 100 years did not know that language is invented by actions, and they spoke, and spoke,
    And they spoke, and made a noise from their throats - which remained a noise. This noise failed to invent a language.

    Esbar's research revealed the secret of human language, which is the language of names of natural information - which come to man following an act he does,
    Every such act brings natural knowledge to the person, and the person who creates the language gives a name to the natural knowledge.

    Neural linguistics, versus Chomsky's linguistics.
    Neurolinguistics is completely new, and it is completely different from Chomsky's linguistics.
    Chomsky's linguistics is based on words, which are scribbles of meaningless lines, so the failure of this linguistics is predictable.
    There is no possibility to understand doodles, with the help of other doodles, whose names are words.

    Neurolinguistics is based on actual actions
    that man does, and these actions miraculously bring natural knowledge to man.

    A person touching a block of ice receives a very clear natural knowledge, and the person gives it an arbitrary name.
    He achieves the arbitrary name with the help of his natural piano. capable of making many sounds.

    People already know the natural knowledge that the name of consists of the sound k and the sound r
    This whole process takes place with the help of natural intelligence.

    A robot touching a block of ice has no natural intelligence, and no natural knowledge. The robot has artificial intelligence, and it can measure the temperature of the contact, but it does not have a clear natural knowledge of the contact with a block of ice.
    A person has such clear natural knowledge.

    There is a profound difference between artificial and natural intelligence. Natural intelligence belongs to a person who obtains natural knowledge as a result of an act he does. Artificial intelligence is limited, and will never reach the natural intelligence of a human.

    There are many expectations from artificial intelligence, and neural linguistics has lowered the level of expectations to a simple mechanical level that works, but does not know.

    Neurolinguistics is a song of praise for the knowledgeable person

    A. Asbar

Leave a Reply

Email will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismat to prevent spam messages. Click here to learn how your response data is processed.