Comprehensive coverage

From the Big Bang to the Big Picture: A New Comprehensive Look at All Objects in the Universe

Researchers from the Australian National University have developed a model that is the most comprehensive view of the history of the universe. The study highlights the change that the universe underwent from the moment of its formation 13.8 billion years ago to its current state, full of objects such as protons, atoms and galaxies

objects in the universe. Illustration:
objects in the universe. Illustration:

The most comprehensive look at the history of the universe ever produced has been produced by researchers at the Australian National University.

Lead researcher Dr. Charlie Linweaver from the university said he set out to understand where all the objects in the universe came from.

"When the universe began 13.8 billion years ago in the Big Bang, there were no objects such as protons, atoms, humans, planets, stars or galaxies. Now the universe is full of such objects," he said.

"The relatively simple answer to the question of where they came from, is that as the universe cooled, all these objects condensed from a hot background."

To show this process in the simplest way, the researchers created two graphs. The first shows the temperature and density of the universe as it expanded and cooled. The second records the mass and size of all objects in the universe.

The result is the most comprehensive chart ever created of all the objects in the universe.

Former university researcher Vihan Patal said the project raised some important questions.

"Parts of this diagram are not physically possible - where objects cannot be denser than black holes, or so small that quantum mechanics obscures the very essence of what it really means to be a single object."

The researchers also emphasize that the boundaries of the chart and what may lie beyond it remain a great mystery.

"At the smaller end, where quantum mechanics and general relativity meet, is the smallest possible object - an instanton. This diagram suggests that the universe may have started as an instanton, which has a specific size and mass, rather than a singularity, which is a hypothetical point of infinite density and temperature," Fatal said.

"At the larger end, the diagram suggests that if there was nothing - absolute vacuum - beyond the observable universe, our universe would be a large, low-density black hole. It's a little scary, but we have good reason to believe that's not the case."

The researchers describe the condensation process of objects as phase transitions from a higher order of symmetry to a lower order as the universe cools. That is, initially the universe was "mixed" and more symmetrical, and with cooling, order and asymmetry was created.

They explain that the objects condensed when their binding energy exceeded the energy of the background. For example, the protons and neutrons were created when the binding energy of the strong force exceeded the background energy in the quark-gluon plasma.

The researchers note that today the universe is full of objects such as protons, atoms, stars and galaxies, whose density is higher than the average density of the universe.

They calculated and recorded the change in time of the universe's density and its temperature to give a quantitative context to this series of phase transitions.

The study was published in the latest issue of The American Journal of Physics.

More of the topic in Hayadan:

6 תגובות

  1. The Genesis chapter penetrated into the hearts of people,
    And it shows the right way to explore the universe.

    Parashat Beresheit of physics and geometry

    In the beginning, God created
    the infinite geometric emptiness.

    Geometric emptiness had an infinite amount of length.
    Geometric emptiness had an infinite amount of space.
    Geometric emptiness had an infinite amount of volume.

    The imagination filled the geometric emptiness with geometric shapes such as a circle, triangle, square, etc.

    The shape of the circle is created from a certain amount of closed length, containing a certain amount of area.

    The shape of the triangle was created from a certain amount of closed length, containing a certain amount of area.

    The square shape is created from a certain amount of closed length, containing a certain amount of area.

    And God saw that the geometric emptiness contained only geometric shapes, and he filled this emptiness with a passive time that stands in its place, and is completely at rest.

    And God will turn passive time into absolute cold, and this is how the limit of cold in the world is determined.

    This is how the wonderful physical creation began, and God saw that it was very good.

    And God saw the lonely state of the passive time that is on the edge of the cold, and added to it the cheerful energy with many faces.

    And God will drown in the cheerful energy the law that says:
    The cheerful energy may change faces, but the changing quantity will never be preserved.

    And so it happened, that the infinite space was filled with passive time and cheerful energy with a conserved amount that changes faces, and changes its appearances.

    And God knows that this is very good.

    And God commanded the passive time and energy to create the material that appears in many physical forms, such as gold, iron, carbon, hydrogen, and more,

    And the creation of the material began.
    The quantitative passive time, connected with the quantitative energy, and by combining certain quantities, a physical form of gold was created.

    And once again the quantitative passive time was connected with the quantitative joyful energy, and from this new combination of quantities, a physical form of iron was created.

    And once again the quantitative passive time was connected with the quantitative cheerful energy, and a new combination of quantities created a physical form of carbon.

    And so the passive time and the cheerful energy created many and varied physical forms, and many and surprising types of matter appeared in the geometric space,

    And so the geometric space became a physical space, which provides material for the creation of stars, with the help of combinations of amounts of passive time and energy.

    And passive time and energy filled the infinite space with matter, from which the stars were formed

    And God commanded the stars to move, only in a spiral-shaped orbit, and it has 3 data,
    The diameter of the screw track, advance angle, and speed.

    This orbital shape made all the stars into one dynamic unit with a disc structure.
    This discus moves forever in a straight line in infinite space full of passive time and energy.

    Within the structure of this disk the stars move.
    Each star moves in an orbit with a unique helical shape and it is this orbit shape that creates a dynamic disk-shaped structure from all the stars.

    The very structure of a discus moves in a straight line.
    The speed of the structure is absolute and cannot be measured

    This dynamic disc-shaped structure in which all the stars in the world are located, was named... Universe.
    Hypothesis - the speed of the universe C12

    The number of stars in the universe is finite but not fixed.
    The universe moves in infinite space full of passive time and energy. During the movement of the universe, new stars are formed from the passive time and energy present in space.

    During the movement of the universe, stars also disintegrate, and they give space their energy, and their passive time.

    And man has not yet been created.
    The active time has not yet been created either,
    Only the passive time exists in reality, and it together with the energy - create the material of the stars..

    The passive time and energy of the sun, spread light.
    This light is waves of passive time, dispersing in the infinite space full of passive time, which is absolute rest and absolute cold.

    There is no void in the world, and it is full of passive time and energy.

    And man had not yet been created, and had not yet spoken,
    When man was created, he received natural knowledge from the Creator.
    With this natural knowledge, man invented language, and did not know that this language is based on actions that lead to knowledge.
    The words brought the tower of Babel.
    The words also brought the active time that exists only in man's imagination, the active time always presents the trap of words that confuses man, and reminds him of the Tower of Babel.

    The man who was created on a planet invented the active time himself. This invention of man created the words past, present, future, which are only in his imagination.

    Man loves the trap of words because it contains love and hope, anger and jealousy, and does not like the dry and quantitative language of numbers.

    With the trap of words man entered heaven, and the trap of words expelled him from heaven.

    The trap of words always works, and since then man has been looking for a new good language, and he has not yet found it.

    A. Asbar

  2. Again mindless idolaters respond...what are you getting into here!!!!! I understand that fear and doubt are gnawing at your head, but this is not the place... Go pray, go to the Kippa website, maybe hear some crazy lesson from some rabbi who talks nonsense, why are you coming in here? And responding to your pagan garbage. Who exactly do you want to convince with the nonsense you spew and blasphemy?

  3. Just a dumb question, how is the heat created in the beginning and how is the cold created?
    Where did these laws come from in nature
    Because if I'm not mistaken, heat and cold are physical laws found in nature.
    I would love to hear a clearer answer

  4. Parashat Bereshit of the exact sciences

    The Genesis chapter of the exact sciences explicitly states:

    To present a true description of physical reality, it is necessary to use the ideas of divine creation, and the natural knowledge of man.

    A true description of physical reality will begin like this.
    Genesis 5 God created "continuous quantitative things"

    The hallmark of a continuous quantitative thing (dkr) is simple.
    Whatever quantity we choose from the list, we will always find that in reality there is a larger quantity, and a smaller quantity.
    Any quantity that is chosen from the table, it is between a zero quantity and an infinite quantity.

    With the natural knowledge of man we will arrive at these five dachars.
    Energy, time, length, area and volume.

    Energy and time create the science of physics
    Area length and volume, form the science of geometry.

    Geometry and physics are the exact sciences, because they deal with quantities between zero and infinite quantities.

    The science of physics appeared after the empty infinite space was filled by two continuous quantitative things, namely energy and passive time.

    Passive time is absolute rest and absolute cold, and it fills the infinite space.
    Passive time is at complete rest, and is the medium in which waves of passive time move. These waves transmit sunlight.

    Passive time is a new and revolutionary physical concept, and it exists right in physical reality. On the other hand, the time we all know does not exist in physical reality, and it disappears as soon as you think about it. This elusive time was invented by man for their benefit, and the proper name for it is time.
    Poetic cosmology - from the wonders of passive time

    The passive time envelops us, and we move through it.
    I asked him and I didn't answer,,,,wait a little while he said

    who are you i asked
    I am the passive time, I belong to nature, I lead the light and color

    Where are you the hard,…
    I fill the terrible space, and it is now full of a river.
    The energy is also with me, its power is beyond words, and together we create the material.

    I know the stuff, I said, I touched it and it's right here.
    You will not be able to touch me, but inside me you are free to move.

    Are you really time? After all, the time I know always flies away.

    I'm always here, I'm not a guest

    I am the real time, and the energy is always with me.

    Parashat Beresheit of the exact sciences geometry and physics

    The chapter on the beginning of the exact sciences continues as follows:
    After the infinite space was filled with passive energy and time, the stars were formed. The matter of the stars is formed by combining amounts of passive time and energy.
    The matter of the stars is continuous, and has no gravity.

    Combinations of amounts of passive time and energy created the familiar elements
    Like, gold, carbon, iron and more. Any such conjunction is a physical form, and therefore
    Matter is not a quantitative concept. A geometric shape is also not a quantitative concept, because it is formed by combining quantities of a closed length containing a quantity of area.

    The concepts of geometric shape and physical shape always go together.
    Geometry and physics are the two exact sciences, and the tangible and clear geometry provides clues about the mysterious physics.. Geometry always links us to the concept of form, and physics always links us to the concept of movement.

    And so the chapter of Genesis of the exact sciences continues.
    And God will instill eternal movement in every star, and Noah's star does not exist in reality.
    The name of the collection of ever-moving stars is a universe.

    The shape of the orbit of the stars of the universe is helical (neither straight nor round)
    It is the Borgian orbit of the stars of the universe that allows their integration into a single division that is always moving.
    A screw track has two data - diameter, and advance angle.

    To complete the creation of the universe, it was necessary for the universe to obey a divine law.

    And God established the law of conservation of the amount of energy in the universe, and this law ensured the eternal existence of the universe.

    Everything said here about the universe is not accepted by the scientific establishment.
    Today's scientists believe in the existence of a completely different universe, which is Newton's universe. Newton's universe is in infinite empty space, and this universe is dominated by crude and simple mechanical gravity.

    The idea of ​​gravity was given to the world by Newton 330 years ago.
    Newton believed that there was a mysterious and wonderful force emanating from the depths of the earth, and that its whole function was to knock down objects that fell from our hands.
    Such a mysterious force brings the reader into the world of fairy tales, and the imagination gives this force the image of a friendly, invisible demon.
    Newton gave this demon the nice name "gravitational force".

    Amazingly, Newton carried many believers in the idea of ​​gravity after him, and thus began a strange investigation of physical reality, which contains a mysterious demon.

    Why did Newton invent the delusional idea of ​​gravity.

    Newton did not know that objects that were handed out of our hands fall by themselves, and thus they fulfill a wonderful physical law of nature, which is the law of conservation of energy. This law of conservation was accepted in science only 170 years ago, and Newton obviously did not know about its existence.

    And since Newton did not know that objects fall by themselves, and did not know about the existence of the law of conservation of energy, he invented the idea of ​​gravity.
    This crazy idea lasted for 160 years in all official physics curricula, thus creating a murky scientific swamp, which prevented any possibility of knowing the true structure of the universe.

    Newton's murky scientific quagmire was canceled out by the physical reality that revealed to the world the existence of a miraculous quantitative law,
    And it is the conservation of the amount of energy.

    How is the law of conservation of energy,
    Eliminates the concept of gravity.

    To lift a large stone off the ground to a height of 1 meter, you have to exert yourself and get tired, and this amount of fatigue represents an amount of energy.
    If we release this stone from a height of 1 meter, it will fall down by itself with increasing speed, and its impact will hit the ground. Show exactly the same amount of energy that was needed to lift the stone to a height of 1 meter.

    No gravity is needed to drop the stone down, the stone falls by itself
    down with increasing speed, and thus the law of conservation of energy is fulfilled.
    This is how the wonderful physical reality works, and it is the one that taught scientists about the existence of an important physical law of nature - the law of conservation of energy.
    There are many types of energy, and they can alternate with each other, according to this law of conservation.

    Physical reality operates by itself, according to miraculous laws inherent in it, and researchers of physical reality have begun to discover these laws.
    The law of conservation of energy that was discovered 170 years ago completely cancels out Newton's physics that requires gravity - and it proves that objects that are separated from our hands - fall by themselves, and there is no mysterious demon in physical reality that knocks them down..

    And what turns out? For 170 years, Newton's physics has been taught in universities, and not a single teacher stood up and shouted "there is no gravity, and Newton's physics is incorrect"
    It should be emphasized that Newton did not know that his physics was incorrect, but already 170 years ago, the physics teachers knew about the existence of the law of conservation of energy that eliminates the idea of ​​gravity, but they did not find the courage to tell this to their students

    These 170 unfortunate years produced terrible errors in the concept of matter and the structure of the universe, and the concepts of dark particle matter and dark energy testify to this.

    The time has come to move to a different physics, based on miraculous laws inherent in physical reality. This is the real physics, and it appears in a revolutionary book - which bears the name... "Esbar's magical journey on the wings of natural knowledge"

    This book conflicts with all the physical teachings developed in the last 150 years, and it presents to the world a new physics, and also a new geometry of circles.

    A. Asbar

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