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A Shebaite inscription on a pottery jar in Jerusalem from the First Temple period has been deciphered

A Shebaite inscription was deciphered on a clay urn that contained incense and was discovered less than 300 meters from the site of the temple as part of the Ofel excavations in Jerusalem. The inscription on the urn indicates a connection between King Solomon's Israel and the kingdom of Sheba which was in the territory of today's Yemen

The jar from the kingdom of Sheba. Credit: Dr. Daniel Weinstaub
The jar from the kingdom of Sheba. Credit: Dr. Daniel Weinstaub

Excavations conducted in 2012 in the Ofel area in Jerusalem on behalf of the Institute of Archeology of the Hebrew University headed by the late Dr. Eilat Mazar, funded by Daniel Mintz and Meredith Berkman from New York and assisted by Armstrong College from Oklahoma, USA, and the East Jerusalem Development Company, discovered the remains of seven A large pottery jug and on the neck of one of the jugs was engraved an inscription that was partially preserved and was dated by Dr. Mazar to the days of King Solomon. Only seven letters survived from the original address. Over the years, over ten researchers have proposed different readings without reaching an agreed upon reading. The common denominator for all of them was the identification of the inscription as written in the Canaanite script, a script from which the ancient Hebrew script that was used in the days of the First Temple developed.

In a new study recently published in the journal of the Institute of Archeology of the Hebrew University -Jerusalem Journal of Archeology- The epigrapher Dr. Daniel Weinshtov was able to decipher that this is an "ancient South Arabian" script, which was in use at the time in the southern Arabian Peninsula (present-day Yemen) where the kingdom of Sheba was the dominant kingdom at the time. "Deciphering the inscription on the urn teaches us not only about the presence of speakers who came to Israel during Solomon's time, but also about the geopolitical relationship, at that time, in our region. Mainly in light of the location where the urn was discovered, an area known for being the center of King Solomon's administrative activities and Jerusalem." Dr. Weinstov pointed out. "This is further evidence of the extensive commercial and cultural ties that existed between Israel under King Solomon and the Kingdom of Sheba."

According to the new decipherment, the inscription on the urn is "Shi Ladan 5" meaning 5 "ovary" - the second of the four components of incense mentioned in the Torah (Exodus 34:10). The ovary, known in Sage sources as a "clove" was a necessary component of the incense which, according to the sources, was burned in both the first and second verses. This finding indicates a clear connection between Jerusalem of the XNUMXth century BC (the days of Solomon's kingdom) and the kingdom of Sheba. It seems that the pottery urn was made in the vicinity of Jerusalem and the inscription on it was engraved before it was put into the kiln for firing by a person from the town of Aita who was connected with the supply of incense.

The Opal site in the archaeological garden at the foot of the Southern Wall, in the area of ​​the national park surrounding the walls of Jerusalem, includes a route that passes between the 2000-year-old purification mikvahs, which were used by the pilgrims to the Temple. The place also served as the administrative area of ​​Solomon's Kingdom at those times.

At the same time that the creation of the urn was dated, the kingdom of Sheba flourished, among other things, based on the cultivation and marketing of perfume and incense plants. Its capital city was Marib. The Shebaites developed advanced methods of dams and irrigation of fields growing the bushes from which they produced perfumes and incense ingredients. Their language was a South Semitic language. From the descriptions in the Bible, it can be understood that King Solomon controlled the trade routes in the Negev through which the Shebaite camel caravans passed, loaded with perfumes and incense plants, on their way to the Mediterranean ports for export.

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9 תגובות

  1. I'm sorry to resemble the one who spoils the glory of the party. The esoteric conclusions that arise from the article in question are similar to launching an arrow at the target and around the arrow's landing the circles begin to be marked. And hence the following questions arise: First - where does the dating and its connection to Solomon come from? Second - who determined that it was Shlomo at all? Third - where is the certainty that there is a connection between the revealed letters and the kingdom of Sheba? It is a large number of years that archaeologists have been trying to "certainly" every Jerusalem find with one biblical figure or another in order to prove the certainty of what is written in the Bible. Much more effort should be made in this matter with integrity and professionalism in order to prove various biblical events. And enough for Khimama in a hint...

  2. Enough with the lies. In the end, it turned out that Mora regretted it.
    Stop selling lies, apart from that two letters did you learn about Shlomo's relationship with Sheba??
    Judaism is one big lie grandma's stories they put them together to tell.

  3. Hashem's teachings are true. There is quite a bit of evidence.
    We don't need proof, God works miracles for us every day.
    Those who do not see the miracles cover their eyes.
    The Torah of Hashem that was transmitted through his messenger, the Holy Moshe Rabbino
    A.M.T.- may his name be praised forever.
    Dad-we love you!!!!!

  4. Post about it being a fake. Someone carved the letters lately. I'm wrong?

  5. Finding this find has nothing to do with it, a reference to the kingdom of David and Solomon
    There were connections of the kingdom of Sheba with the rulers of the place. who were they

  6. How much you can fake how much... how much you can twist facts and adapt them to the stories of the Bible and Sages. a question: . Is there an archeological find for King Solomon in Jerusalem or is he a methodical biblical figure. A piece of an urn stolen from Yemen does not constitute historical proof. After all, you know that all biblical history and sources are in Yemen.

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