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Rome: Emperor Caligula's house discovered * was really crazy

The building was uncovered close to the forum and next to it remains of religious and commercial centers; Accused of insanity, Caligula lived from 12 to 41 AD

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Caligula He imposed a death sentence on those who looked down on him due to his sensitivity to his baldness

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9/8/03

Archaeologists in Rome claim to have uncovered the remains of the building where the Roman emperor Caligula lived, the Corriere della Sera newspaper reported. The building that was uncovered is close to the Roman Forum, and next to it, remains of religious and commercial centers were discovered.

Caligula, who lived from AD 12 to AD 41, was widely supported at first, but soon became tyrannical. His contemporaries and later historians accused him of madness, and he was considered a tyrant. Among other things, he imposed the death penalty on those who looked down on him due to his sensitivity to his baldness, and exiled and murdered many of his relatives. As a result, his reign was cut short by his murder at the hands of his soldiers, at the end of only five years of rule.

The announcement of the discovery of the building was given by the supervisor of the archaeological excavations in Rome, Adriano La Regina. The remains of the entire complex are found not far from the Colosseum. According to Darius Aryeh, of the American Institute of Roman Culture, the floors and walls that were exposed were probably part of Caligula's house.


He really was crazy

By John Hopper Guardian

Excavation of Caligula's palace strengthens the hypothesis that the emperor did think he was a god

The remains of the palace. Caligula connected it to the temple of the gods Castor and Pollux

Photo: IP

British and American archaeologists
The excavators at the Roman Forum announced
Last week because they discovered evidence of this
that the emperor Caligula was indeed a megalomaniac
A madman who sought to transform himself
To God, and not just any eccentric ruler
And not understandable, as they tried to present it
Historians in modern times.

It's been a few decades that the historians
Disapprove of Calicola's portrait
As drawn by the authors
The Romans, who presented him as mad
who thought he was a god. But Dr. Darius
Aryeh from the American Cultural Institute
Roman said that excavation of

Young archaeologists from the universities of Oxford and Stanford, which lasted 35
Yamim, gave a different validity to a central element of the traditional documentation. "We have proof
That the man was really crazy," he said.

Modern researchers, that the unity of opinion of the ancient sources regarding Caligula
Aroused their suspicion, they suggested that the ancient writers were biased
political. These scholars argued, for example, that Caligula's famous plan to reverse
His horse to the consul was actually a joke, which his subjects did not understand, and for years
They were often skeptical of Suetonius's claim, which Caligula annexed to his palace
one of the most important temples of Rome.

Suetonius, writing about 70 years after the assassination of Caligula, reported that
The emperor "extended part of the palace up to the forum and converted the temple of Castor and Pollux
to the entrance of the palace. He would often stand among the heavenly brothers, to
May the worshipers come to worship him."

"It was such a scandalous act of heresy, which expressed such great hubris, that the historians
Many found it very difficult to believe that this was the case," said archaeologist Andrew Wilson, Head
The excavation team from the University of Oxford.

Previous excavations in the area revealed that a street stretched between the two buildings, both in the century
The first AD (Caligula was emperor in the years 41-37 AD), and in the century
The third AD. In light of these findings, the hypothesis was raised that Caligula simply built
A bridge between the two buildings, although another ancient source provided an explanation for the seeming contradiction:
The original street was rebuilt after Caligula's successor, Claudius, destroyed it
The extension from the sanctuary.

According to Wilson, the current excavations have not revealed any evidence of the existence of a bridge.
On the other hand, much evidence was found for the existence of buildings within the site of the palace of
Caligula, whose angles correspond to other buildings bordering the temple site of
Castor and Pollux.

In the excavation, sewer channels were also discovered that were laid at the same angle. "The foundations of a palace
Caligula attest to the existence of walls that seem to have continued into the street until
to the temple," said Wilson. He pointed to a part of the floor, which was also exposed in the excavation,
indicating that in the past the palace continued into the street.

This find, and other unusual finds, forced the archaeologists to reconsider the
their basic assumptions and to conclude that it seems that the ancient sources were right: Rahava Shavitla
The street between the palace and the temple was indeed built, but Claudius destroyed it later
a few years and restored the original street.

According to Wilson, this explanation only began to take shape about two weeks ago: "The appearance
From the forum was that of a palace that rises behind the temple, which became a sort of entrance to it,
"There was no longer a distinction between the house of God and the house of the emperor."

The history buff

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